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Emergency power supply systems in hospitals and health care facilities are key aspects of the electrical and power system. Learn how to design and specify power systems in these mission critical facilities by attending this session.
Hardened facilities can continue critical services through natural disasters and man-made threats.
Emergency operations centers, 911 communications facilities, law enforcement headquarters and hospital security offices rely on accurate and real-time information.
Designing a resilient building requires understanding of both the built environment and operations for critical facilities
Ram Kaushik from Schneider Electric replied to questions from “Power event analysis in mission critical facilities,” originally broadcast on July 23, 2020.
When the owners of ING Investment Products Group decided to build a new headquarters in West Chester, Pa., cabling infrastructure was a big concern. Recognizing the fast pace of technological developments and how difficult it is to avoid rapid obsolescence, they wanted a voice and data infrastructure that gave them not only reliable performance, but also longevity.
As this past Saturday marked the third anniversary of 9/11, anti-terrorism measures continue to be on the mind of the federal government. The U.S. Dept.
Vice President, Environmental Systems Design Inc. (ESD), Chicago BS mechanical engineering, University of Illinois at Chicago Dipping joined ESD in 2009. Since joining the firm, his project role has grown from project engineer to project manager to technical authority, and today to a technical director and discipline leader.
Hospitals and health care buildings have become very sophisticated. Coordination among all parties, special attention to codes and standards, and a focus on patient comfort have each become highly important to engineers. Electrical and power system design are highly sophisticated.
Efficient electrical design directly contributes to resiliency and sustainability. Without it, the consequences can be expensive or unsafe. Extra care and oversight at the start of a project is important to prevent future problems.
This week Morrissey Goodale reported five deals in the United States and four international deals involving companies from the U.S., Australia, and France.
Top 5 Consulting-Specifying Engineer Articles, January 16-January 22: the whole-system approach, NFPA 110-2016, batteries in mission critical facilities, more
Articles about the whole-system approach in design/construction, applying NFPA 110-2016, batteries in mission critical facilities, choosing a modular data center, and fire door inspections were Consulting-Specifying Engineer's five most clicked articles from last week, January 16-January 22. Were you out last week? You can catch up here.
Top 5 Consulting-Specifying Engineer Articles, January 9-January 15: NFPA 110-2016, test batteries in mission critical facilities, electrical system replacement, more
Articles about NFPA 110-2016, test batteries in mission critical facilities, electrical system replacement, NFPA 70E compliance, and designing government facilities were Consulting-Specifying Engineer's five most clicked articles from last week, January 9-January 15. Were you out last week? You can catch up here.
Associate Principal, Commissioning; Wood Harbinger, Bellevue, Wash. BS Mechanical Engineering, University of Washington
Peter Basso Associates (PBA) is pleased to announce three promotions.
Legrand's hospital-grade power-indicating receptacles are suitable for healthcare locations and feature a green dual LED with power indication at all times.
While history does occasionally repeat itself, the next wave of engineering firms will set itself apart by staying on the leading edge. Share your ideas and future outlook with the Consulting-Specifying Engineer audience.
FirstNet is expected to increase collaboration between emergency responders, a new report from the IHS Security and Fire division has found.
Jerry Bauers has joined the Consulting-Specifying Engineer editorial advisory board.
November 1 Southland Industries update: Roughing-in Levels 2 and 5; temporary air conditioning; parking garages
Roughing-in systems on Levels 2 and 5; North and West Clinics being prepared for temporary air conditioning; CUP stream plant being finalized; three parking garages underway.
September 30 Southland Industries update: Mechanical room equipment, cooling towers passivated, chilled water system insulation
Roughing in systems on Levels 1 to 4, connecting equipment in main mechanical rooms, North and West clinics near completion, cooling towers being passivated, chilled water system getting insulation.
September 3 Southland Industries update: Rough testing began, major equipment placed, condenser water system flushed
Rough testing has begun in hospital basement, Level 1; all major equipment has been set in place; the condenser water system is being flushed and passivated in the CUP.
Hospital Level 3 air handling units have been set; Condenser water system in the CUP is being tested; Rough in testing begun in the west clinic.
These three facilities are current examples of net-zero energy buildings (NZEB).
Continuing rough in on interstitial levels of North and West clinics; completed rough in and testing of plumbing systems; CUP steam boilers arrived, being installed.
Currently roughing in on interstitial levels of the North and West clinics; the Level 3 mechanical room has opened up; trade installations have begun.
The central utility plant is currently 80% complete; the project team recently hung four Armstrong vertical inline 1,900 gpm chilled water pumps; the boiler flue gas economizers have been hung.
When a decision is made to use paralleled generator sets, many considerations need to be addressed to ensure a reliable system.
Addam Friedl was named senior vice president and mission critical facilities practice leader at Environmental Systems Design.
Atkins has launched its retro-commissioning service, based out of Ft. Myers, Fla. The day-to-day operations will be run by Dave McFarlane.
Discussions on scheduling for commissioning provide attendees with the opportunity to efficiently schedule testing and balancing sequences and tie them to the contract.
With more and more owners becoming familiar with and utilizing commissioning and retro-commissioning for the repurposing of existing facilities, they are becoming aware of ongoing commissioning (OCx) in order to maintain and sustain their facilities at the highest levels.
Senior Fire Protection Engineer, Hughes Assocs. Inc., Warwick, R.I.
The ACG workshop is scheduled for Jan. 24, 2012, at McCormick Place in Chicago.
The AABC Commissioning Group CxA Workshop and Exam is scheduled for Tuesday, Jan. 24, 2012, at McCormick Place in Chicago.
Conducting an energy performance comparison, known as benchmarking, can boost energy efficiency and lower building operating costs.
Mark Murphy rejoins TLC Engineering for Architecture as senior electrical engineer.
The Internap Network Servides data center has achieved Green Globes certification, which is the first of its kind for a public data center in the United States.
Office buildings present a range of challenges as diverse as the tenants that occupy the structures. To succeed, engineers need to stay on top of owners’ needs, environmental concerns, sustainability, and a range of other issues.
The U.S. Green Building Council's LEED O+M process delivers green building guidelines for existing facilities.
Dewberry announces its new department manager for MEP services in its New York City office.
Primary Integration Solutions announces expansion of the executive team.
Developing a strategy to ensure the availability of fuel for your generator system is a key element of disaster planning.
California-based AEC firm specializing in healthcare, biotech, and seismic retrofits hires five seasoned architects and construction experts to support its accelerating growth.
ACG has announced six new opportunities to prepare for the Certified Commissioning Authority (CxA) exam.
Senior Project Engineer, Sustainable Engineering Group LLC, Madison, Wis.
Senior Project Engineer, Hewlett Packard, Herndon, Va.
The next edition of NFPA 2001, Standard on Clean Agent Fire Extinguishing Systems, will be published later in 2011. Updates will capture advancements in technologies and the latest thinking on the subject.
Environmental Systems Design promoted Mike Kuppinger and Mehdi Jalayrian to new posts.
This year's awards show that third-party green products/services have made their mark on sustainable information technology practices.
Bill Ammons, PE, LEED AP, has been involved in base building system retrofits, the design of cleanrooms, and believes bacon is the one food he could not live without.
Paul Bruckman will head the group’s operations with the support of nine electrical staff.
NYC takes the lead in creating groundbreaking language that allows owners and tenants to share the costs and benefits of energy upgrades.
The same group that fought to save California’s landmark global warming law last year has $1 million left to fund more clean energy efforts.
In the aftermath of the earthquake in Japan, U.S. engineers need to refresh their knowledge on designing MEP systems in earthquake-prone areas.
The i6 Green Challenge will fund six teams to move new green technologies from the lab to the marketplace.
With the need to balance a number of complex, changing demands (such as scalability, sustainability, and shifts in codes), data center projects are among the most complex an engineer can face. Here, top experts in the data center field offer advice on getting projects to compute.
Johnson Controls guaranteed that its more than 1,000 public-sector projects will save money on energy, water, and operational costs over the next 10 years.
Mechanical, electrical, and plumbing components are not always taken into account when the thought of earthquakes comes up, but proper attachment to the structure can be just as important as proper attachment of a beam or column.
Nonresidential construction dropped 6.9% in January, partly due to winter storms, tight credit and high vacancy rates.
The U.S. Green Building Council's LEED Volume Program enables large-scale organizational builders and operators to deliver a consistent end product, earning LEED certification faster and at a low cost.
Christian Agulles, PE, LEED AP has been selected as the Managing Director of WSP Flack + Kurtz’s Washington, D.C., office
President Obama focuses on making American business more energy efficient through ‘Better Building Initiative’, features tax incentives, more financing for retrofits, and innovative clean energy technologies.
Commercial properties in 2010 sold for 20% more than they did a year prior - the second-largest gain on record, defying predictions of further economic collapse. Prices of commercial properties sold by institutional investors surged 19 percent in 2010, the second-biggest gain on record, according to an index developed by the MIT Center for Real Estate.
KlingStubbins promotes four new associates, two senior associates.
20-member board responsible for articulating and upholding the vision, values, mission of organization
Some engineering firms are moving beyond North America, and expanding their engineering offerings to other countries.
Consulting-Specifying Engineer has added Mike Walters, PE, LEED AP, to its editorial advisory board.
Secretary Chu and seven other Agencies launch Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Export Initiative
U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu joined seven other U.S. Government agencies in launching the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Export Initiative, a coordinated effort to promote renewable energy and energy efficiency exports. In partnership with the Dept. of Commerce, the Dept. of Energy co-chairs the Trade Promotion Coordinating Committee Working Group of the federal agencies participating in the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Export Initiative.
On December 7th, U.S. Secretary of Energy Steven Chu will participate in the New Millenium Nuclear Summit along with White House Advisor Carol Browner, Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Chairman Greg Jaczko.
More than 500 environmental, health, industry and government organization endorse re-authorization of the Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA).
Designing a standby power system for a data-intensive application requires not only the right generator for the load requirements but also the most reliable fuel available.
These guidelines dispel the confusion about matching variable frequency drives (VFD) and motors to fans and pumps that are typically encountered in commercial building applications. While the motivation to increase energy efficiency could be financial (reduced energy costs) or ethical (reduce greenhouse gas emissions associated with power production), it is taken for granted that VFDs are an easy way to improve energy efficiency in a motor application. And with these noble intentions in mind, the engineer will specify a VFD for his client. Oftentimes, that isn't the end of the story for the engineer.
A Chinese scientific research center has built the fastest supercomputer ever made, replacing the United States as maker of the swiftest machine, and giving China bragging rights as a technology superpower. According to an article written by Ashley Vance in the New York Times, the computer, known as Tianhe-1A, has 1.4 times the horsepower of the current top computer, which is at a national laboratory in Tennessee, as measured by the standard test used to gauge how well the systems handle mathematical calculations, said Jack Dongarra, a University of Tennessee computer scientist who maintains the official supercomputer rankings. Modern supercomputers are built by combining thousands of small computer servers and using software to turn them into a single entity. In that sense, any organization with enough money and expertise can buy what amount to off-the-shelf components and create a fast machine. The Chinese system follows that model by linking thousands upon thousands of chips made by the American companies Intel and Nvidia. But the secret sauce behind the system — and the technological achievement — is the interconnect, or networking technology, developed by Chinese researchers that shuttles data back and forth across the smaller computers at breakneck rates, Mr.
The 2010 MEP Giants provide insight on the state of the engineering industry and what to look for in 2011.
Building analysis, energy efficiency, and flexibility are the keys to successful hospital design. This challenge has led administrators to demand more of their healthcare facilities in the way of flexibility, energy efficiency, and codes and standards compliance.
Schneider Electric Introduces Premium 30 Energy Efficient Transformers with NEMA Approval.
In response to the shooting incident at Virginia Tech in 2007 and other similar events, the call for providing better forms of emergency communications on a university campus is growing at a rapid pace.
Experts answer questions about EPA Tier 4i emissions regulations and generator operating procedures.
The death of HVAC can lead to the rise of thermal environmental engineering. Here are some thoughts on the effectiveness, efficiency, and installation and operating costs of modern air conditioning systems
Consulting-Specifying Engineer announces the winners of its third annual 40 Under 40 awards program.
Within the newly established field of sustainable lighting design, lighting professionals are working with other building professionals to define a fundamentally different way to practice. Design team processes are more integrated than ever as the lines between the responsibilities of different disciplines blur.
CSE: Whose responsibility is it to ensure that equipment such as control panels, lighting panels, or panelboards are properly labeled? Designer, contractor, or the building owner/operator? Lanny Floyd: NEC110.16 is specific that the equipment is “field marked” as opposed to the label being applied by the manufacturer.
Meeting LEED's Water Efficiency Credit 3-Water Use Reduction is no longer a sure thing, even for commercial office buildings.
Manufacturers face the next phase of EPA emissions limits for diesel engines and gensets.
The program demonstrates the successful application of the whole building approach.
An opinion poll this month found the number of people believing climate change is an established fact has fallen from 41% in November to 26%.
Retrofits that directly reduce operating costs are readily available, in most cases with well-documented savings and quick paybacks.
According to a report, the BAS market will change, based on an increased focus on energy efficiency.
IEEE's new content-rich web gateway provides intelligence, education, and news on the global Smart Grid network.
At the intersection of energy codes, technology developments, cost constraints, and demands for higher efficiency and lower emissions, how should designers proceed?
In July 2009, I wrote that building performance data is golden said that, consequently, there would be a greater call for retrocommissioning and ongoing commissioning services, a greater call for dashboard software for reporting status and trends to owners and occupants, and a continued shift in consulting engineering services toward improving the performance of existing buildings. Since then, enough has happened that I’m escalating my assessment that building performance data will be platinum in 2010. The new construction market continues to muddle through economic concerns such as high unemployment and tight financing restrictions.
In a recessive construction market and in increasingly regulated and incentivized energy and environmental markets, retrocommissioning services represent a new business opportunity for engineering firms.
Drafters of the International Code Council's International Green Construction Code (IGCC) are nearing completion of the first-ever integrated green code for traditional and high-performance commercial buildings, set for a public release in March.
There was heightened public attention on climate action in 2009 because President Obama shifted U.S. policy from being defensive to being proactive. Three strong federal measures for climate action were taken in advance of the Copenhagen Climate Conference in December 2009, where a binding agreement on emissions levels was expected.
Chinese government officials announced the passage of legislation that requires grid owners to use electricity generated by renewable energy sources.
Drafters of the International Code Council's International Green Construction Code are nearing completion of the first-ever integrated green code for traditional and high-performance commercial buildings.
Twenty five years ago, the large UPS market—500 kVA and above—was served by two distinctly different technologies: rotary and static. At that time, a rotary UPS for data center applications was a rather kluge-like combination of motors and generators, while a static UPS was a step-wave inverter-based technology (Figure 1). The slow switching statics of the day had many reliability and application issues, while the rotaries were very inefficient but, in many cases, more reliable.
View the full story, including all images and figures, in our monthly digital edition The term “shovel-ready” became popular after the Obama administration announced that billions of dollars would be injected into the construction market to help resuscitate a dying economy. Shovel-ready projects —those that municipalities had on their books and were ready to begin after the dollars were secured—were given priority. While some economists are pointing to data indicating the national economic recession might be over, the commercial construction industry is far from feeling the impacts of recovery.
Energy and environmental legislation will be slow and may stall. Engineers should work ahead of it to serve their clients.
View the full story, including all images and figures, in our monthly digital edition For many of us who design lighting and lighting control systems, the recession may have severely curtailed our efforts to continue designing state-of-the-art systems. The recession also may have thwarted our ability to stay abreast of changing user attitudes and technological innovations in real-world applications. As a result, many of us may have missed out on designing the lighting and lighting controls projects that people will likely want when construction begins to rebound in earnest.
The successful engineer is on top of all of the emerging technologies and practices. System scalability, modularity, and system efficiency are terms that have been around for years, but as energy use in data centers has become a larger part of the bottom line, CEOs and CFOs are demanding more efficient critical environments.
New report on Virginia Tech massacre reveals new timeline, details of notifcation lapses
Identify equipment, systems design, and maintenance procedures that contribute to dependable standby power systems for critical facilities.
National Assn. of Business Economics panelists believe the end of net employment losses is near.
The massive complex, comprising up to 1.5 million sq ft of building space, will provide intelligence and warnings related to cyber security threats across government bodies.
The weak economy has eroded employment even among highly trained professionals.
A $3.4-billion portion of the ARRA will help modernize the U.S. smart grid, while integrating renewable energy resources into the nation's power infrastructure.
Obama's Executive Order requires federal agencies meet new sustainability and energy efficiency guidelines.
Reed Construction Data's chief economist analyzes how the stimulus plan has benefitted the construction market through the first three quarters of 2009.
The "delayed recession" in nonresidential construction means a slower recovery for the market as the economy begins to grow again.
A90-page document released by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) on Sept. 24 proposes 77 standards for smart grid development. The report also detailed 14 areas that the government agency will prioritize in order to facilitate development. Utilities, regulators, and vendors have been waiting for this release from NIST.
The latest version of LEED 2009 (v3) requires high-performing buildings to perform up to even higher standards, but key issues remain unaddressed.
As I retire at the end of a 54-year career in the HVAC industry, I can't help reflecting that my timing is a bit off. I find myself envious of the young mechanical engineers who are entering the design business. Why? Because for the first time, the emphasis is truly on good design for low energy use.
Massachusetts seeks plans for "high-performance" buildings.
View the full story, including all images and figures, in our monthly digital edition To sell many types of products in North America, manufacturers must have their products certified by an independent certification organization. That certification process verifies that products comply with relevant safety requirements prior to entering the marketplace. For many products in Europe, however, manufacturers can self-declare that their products comply with requirements.
With the unprecedented unification of power, communications, and information technology (IT) planned for the emerging smart grid, companies across typically siloed industries are adapting product roadmaps to dovetail with this tremendous federal undertaking. The IEEE P2030 work group is facilitating cooperation and visibility among power, communications, and IT silos to produce the long-term unification that is necessary to make the smart grid a success. The term “smart grid” gives important identity to a gathering, broad-based drive to improve the United States' electrical utility infrastructure. The nation's electrical grid has been getting “smarter” for years.
Former Vice President and noted environmental advocate Al Gore will open as keynote speaker at the Greenbuild conference in Phoenix this November.
Looking for a slice of stimulus funds? Online maps show where the money goes.
Solar-power cooling unit said to be 12 times more efficient than traditional systems.
Editor's note: A pull-out poster tabulating the CSE MEP Giants firms is included with this issue. The poster has ranking for 2009 and 2008, revenue figures, and contact information for the MEP Giant. The poster is available at Giants 2009 Poster The construction market of 2008 closed dramatically different from how it opened.
Europeans versus Americans on energy Energy taxes are needed Europeans have placed large taxes on energy for decades recognizing the other impacts (costs) of energy use beyond the extraction, processing, and delivery costs. We need to get serious about gradually applying energy taxes here and efficiently direct their use toward energy-saving technologies. LARRY B Demographics and climate change I'm an American HVAC engineer who's been working in the U.K. for a while.
Consulting-Specifying Engineer is pleased to welcome two new members to our Editorial Advisory Board, Brian Rener (left) and Gerald Versluys. The two new members assist editors in reviewing magazine content for technical accuracy and consistency. Rener, PE and LEED AP, is the senior design manager for Chicago-based M+W Zander US Operations.
Treated wastewater is cooling a Microsoft data center in Washington state; Yahoo and Intuit data centers may be next.
Several rivers in the Midwest swelled well beyond their banks in 2008, causing multiple levee failures and widespread flooding. Homes and businesses became islands surrounded by raging waters. When the flooding knocked out the municipal power supply, many relied on emergency generators to provide electricity. Businesses and industries commonly rely on emergency generators to provide power in the event of utility outages.
View the full story, including all images and figures, in our monthly digital edition The NFPA 20 Standard for the Installation of Stationary Pumps for Fire Protection committee has proposed and accepted a new chapter covering fire pumps in high-rise buildings. A final vote by the full NFPA body at the spring 2009 NPFA convention is necessary before the changes officially become part of next edition of NFPA 20. This proposed high-rise chapter has significant implications for high-rise fire protection and may also impact cost and some current design practices. The provisions in this chapter were developed in response to observed significant differences in the way fire pumps were used in high-rise buildings, and concern that some of the design practices would not provide the high level of reliability needed. After the destruction of the World Trade Center on Sept.
DOE Secretary Steven Chu has announced $3.9 billion in smart grid funding.
The U.S. Green Building Council is considering adjusting LEED to incorporate the energy used by commercial data centers.
The Sacramento Municipal Utility District is set to roll out a smart grid.
With many facilities relying on multiple power sources to ensure continuous operation, the value of integrating and coordinating these electrical systems becomes critical. Integrated power systems can include primary utility transformers, standby engine generators, UPSs (battery or rotary), fuel cells, and other types of power sources. The integration of these electrical systems requires careful planning, communication with other project team members, and support in the field during installation and startup. Numerous items need to be addressed during the planning phase.
The International Code Council and ASHRAE have teamed to publish the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) and the ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2007, Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings, in one book. The new publication is a powerful document that the government can use to qualify for federal energy grants, and a guide for the construction industr...
View the full story, including all images and figures, in our monthly digital edition View "Systems design and performance tips for packaged rooftop units" in the first edition of the HVAC Technology Report We know it's tough out there for BAS designers who want to keep up with the latest in sensors and controls. You know that sensors and controls are “where the rubber meets the road” in HVAC. But the available hardware and software mutate faster than an H1N1 flu virus on steroids.
The Business Software Alliance states that manufacturing, sales, and service industries were the three leading victims of piracy in 2008.
Recent hires and promotions
U.S. Green Building Council 2009 Federal Summit convened May 14 in Washington, D.C.
A Congressional Coalition issued recommendations regarding the development of high-performance federal buildings.
New legislation to establish a competitive grant program in the U.S. Dept. of Housing and Urban Development to help local governments with enforcement of residential, building, fire, energy, plumbing, and related codes was introduced in the U.S. Senate.
Members of Congress launched an effort Thursday to protect the nation's electricity grid from criminals, vandals, or U.S. enemies.
The 2009 40 Under 40 winners are among some of the best and brightest minds in our industry. They've created innovative systems to solve difficult engineering problems, both in North America and abroad. These young geniuses have won awards and risen quickly to the top in their fields. They've worked hard to bring their projects—and their companies—into the spotlight.
View the full story, including all images and figures, in our monthly digital edition Our panel discusses the importance, application, and necessary improvements needed for mass notification systems in hospitals, college campuses, and commercial buildings. CSE: What situations require the use of mass notification systems (MNS)? Ray Grill: Currently, the Department of Defense is the only entity that requires MNS to be installed in its facilities. MNS can be appropriate for a facility or area that is susceptible to hazards that may require the occupants to take some action (or stay in place) to prevent them from being impacted by the hazard. Mark Suski: Any facility that has multiple buildings—a college campus—or a building with an extensive footprint—a hospital or shopping mall—should have a MNS to notify occupants in the event of an emergency. The armed forces have been installing MNS on military bases for many years in the form of speakers and public address systems.
California lead content requirements for plumbing products effective Jan. 1, 2010.
The International Code Council will initiate a green code development project.
New World Trade Center office towers might not be built and occupied for nearly 30 years.
Midwest Real Estate News interviewed Tag Birge about the healthcare construction market.
View the full story, including all images and figures, in our monthly digital edition Unfortunately, emergency lighting equipment often is installed and forgotten. Despite numerous federal, state, and local codes requiring routine testing and documentation, mandated testing of emergency lighting units remains a “hit or miss” proposition. James Lathrop, vice president of Koffel Associcates , Elkridge, Md.-based independent fire protection engineering firm, said, “Excluding healthcare and most government buildings, based on my experience I would estimate that more than 75% of the building owners/mangers across the country are not testing their emergency lighting as mandated by the NFPA 101 Life Safety Code .” The Life Safety Code, which was established by NFPA nearly a century ago, sets very specific standards for the presence and routine testing of life safety equipment. Specifically, every emergency lighting fixture requires a monthly 30-sec test, as well as an annual 90-min test.
Kuwait National Petroleum Co. has ordered Fluor Corp. to stop construction of a refinery.
Several reports point to the vulnerability of the Smart Grid.
The National Assn. of Industrial Office Properties recognizes the LEED Gold-certified HSBC's North American headquarters.
A blaze tore through the country's largest shopping mall, killing seven people and injuring 50 others in the high-rise complex
A bill introduced in the Michigan legislature would permit local governments to mandate green-building standards.
Leaders from ASHRAE, ACEEE, New Buildings Institute, and Yudelson Associates voice strong opposition, say study's faults result in misleading conclusions.
View the full story , including all images and figures, in our monthly digital edition Most engineers focus on lighting, HVAC, windows, and building siting when designing an efficient building. Often secondary on the list is designing a water-efficient building, which can be accomplished with various methods like no-water urinals, dual-flush water closets, and water reclamation, i.e., harvested rainwater and gray water. It’s sometimes referred to as graywater or grey water.
View the full story , including all images and figures, in our monthly digital edition Have you ever asked “What will the 21st century university look like?” The was the question posed to Cannon Design when Ave Maria University (AMU) began planning a completely new campus near Naples, Fla. An optimal system for building controls, telecom, audio/visual, and safety was the answer. For decades, the 16-division Construction Specifications Institute (CSI) MasterFormat has been the standard in building design and construction. However, as technology—particularly network technology—has evolved, it is clear the old standards do not address the integrated systems designed into today's buildings. The need for construction specifications to reflect current building practices prompted CSI to develop Division 17 for Technology and Communications Infrastructure .
A study released by NAIOP, the Commercial Real Estate Development Assn., suggests that office building managers find it difficult--if not impossible--to effectively balance energy efficiency requirements while keeping their structures economically feasible.
The Clinton Climate Initiative and U.S. Green Building Council agree to collaborate on efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from newly constructed buildings.
Los Angeles will replace its 140,000 streetlight fixtures with LED units over the next five years. L.A. will receive help from the Clinton Climate initiative for taking part in the most extensive municipal green lighting retrofit on record.
Our roundtable explores the harmonics issue from prevention to problem resolution.
Generator set installation involves lots of details, but don't overlook the broad concepts.
Consulting-Specifying Engineer is proud to present its 2009 Editorial Advisory Board.
An Iowa waste-to-energy plant suffers an estimated $30,000 in damages, thanks to a fire most likely started in the facility's shredder.
Access to credit has improved at the beginning of this year, so the projected further decline in nonresidential construction is primarily due to weaker space demand.
Mechanical, electrical, and plumbing engineers have justifiably lagged behind architects and structural engineers in their use of building information modeling (BIM) software. Is it the right time for them to upgrade?
During November's Danfoss EnVisioneering Symposium, more than 40 professionals gathered to discuss climate change, energy efficiency, pending legislation, and other critical issues impacting the industry.
Renewable energy sector could restore economy, and Kankakee County, Ill., wants to be at the forefront.
Over the last several years, continuity of electrical power has become increasingly important not only to individual utility customers, but to the national and world economy. Meanwhile, confidence has eroded in our overstressed and aging utility grid given such events as the Chicago Loop outage of 2000, California’s rolling blackouts of 2001, the Northeast blackout of 2003, and the European outages of 2003 and 2006. To ensure that power is available when needed, many businesses are taking control by installing on-site generation.
The International Code Council's (ICC) International Building Code (IBC) has replaced regional codes in most jurisdictions, making it the primary code document for engineers who specify and supervise the installation of generating equipment. Currently, authorities may be using either the 2000, 2003, or 2006 edition of the IBC, with one of these editions now adopted at either the state or local level in all 50 states. Recently, the State of California adopted the 2006 edition, leading the way for that edition to become a preeminent standard across the United States. The IBC addresses both the design and installation of building systems, with an emphasis on how those systems will perform in emergency situations—and continue to perform after such events. One big change for engineers specifying seismic-related equipment is that the United States is no longer divided into broad seismic zones.
When supplying a building with fire extinguishers and suppressants, ensuring the security of the entire structure is extremely important. As mentioned in NFPA 10 Chapter 1, portable fire extinguishers are intended to be the first line of defense for fires of a limited size and can be used in several areas including vehicle repair, aircraft and marine servicing, cooking areas, and storage and m...
The U.S. Dept. of Energy (DOE) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released the report, “Energy Efficiency in Data Centers: Recommendations for Government-Industry Coordination,” that details the discussions and recommendations covered during a national strategy workshop on July 8, 2008.
The Philippine government has championed geothermal power, and the United States can only learn from their success.
Under strain, cities are cutting back projects.
While borrowing rates have fallen for prime-rate mortgages and public works, they've increased for commercial projects, and relief most likely won't come until 2009.
Man zapped with 11,000 V while trying to pilfer cable.
The dispute reflects a debate among safety officials and real estate executives nationwide as to how to respond adequately to the 2001 attacks.
Secure facilities, such as government and military installations, manage intrusion detection, and access control and video surveillance from a single-user interface with the Pro-Watch security management system from Honeywell.
Growing computing needs have forced many government agencies into a corner they did not foresee.
More natural gas production could make winter heating costs drop.
A consortium is working to decrease energy use of PCs and laptops in a shift from the traditional digs at power-hungry data centers.
This month's panel discusses what facilities need mission critical power and at what levels, successful design schemes, technological advancements, and commissioning for these facilities. CSE: The term “mission critical” applies to data centers, telecom centers, and healthcare facilities.
The DC Council unanimously passed the Clean and Affordable Energy Act of 2008, which includes the benchmarking mandate that building owners annually reveal Energy Star scores.
Increased investor interest in the improvement of power grids drives success
News from S&C Electric, Lochinvar, Ferraz Shawmut, Leviton, Dual-Life, and CES Group.
The Data Center Energy Profiler, or DC Pro, an online software tool provided by the U.S. Dept. of Energy (DOE), is now available in release 1.1.1. The tool is designed to help industries quickly diagnose how data centers use energy. A company can use DC Pro as a first step to identify potential savings and to reduce environmental emissions.
This month's panel discusses on-site power, with regard to power generation, new designs, and renewable technologies.
The event creates awareness of technical, economic and political solutions available to optimize energy-efficiency.
Wavestar mission-critical 500-kVA PDU by PDI with two point locks, and bus connections for the transformer and circuit breakers.
University of California Davis energy-efficiency experts recently launched a novel program designed to slash electricity use by rooftop air conditioners in the western United States by more than 40%.
As healthcare engineers, it's one thing to know the Boy Scout motto—and another to design for it. It's almost impossible, not to mention cost-prohibitive, to plan for every unforeseen occurrence. But natural and manmade catastrophes occur all too often, and when they do, they drive home the importance of designing hospitals to withstand potential disasters.
PowerLogic Tenant Metering Commercial Edition from Schneider Electric has been added to the company's existing range of tenant submetering software. The new billing software enables commercial property managers to allocate and recover the actual cost of their utilities while adhering to government cost allocation regulations.
Adapted from Building Design + Constructions "How to Win" Tip Sheet
Nearly 200 commissioning providers, engineers, and building owners attended the AABC Commissioning Group annual meeting in Las Vegas, April 22-24.
When building professionals discuss carbon monoxide, they're uncertain as to where and how detection should be installed.
News from EMCOR Group, Gotama Building Engineers, Smith Seckman Reid, BSA LifeStructures, Sebesta Blomberg, Syska Hennessy Group, KlingStubbins, Sys-tek, Peter Basso Assocs., Baxter & Woodman, MACTEC Engineering and Consulting, and Spectrum Engineers.
This month’s panel discusses the national grid, its problem and innovations, and how to prepare for the digital future.
The one-year fellowship will allow the participant to work in the federal government in a technical advisory role. Applications are due May 1.
The bright, playful façade of Alberta Children’s Hospital in Calgary looks like a random stack of colored building blocks—and that’s how the kids who had a hand in its design wanted it. And even though the kids didn't design the standby power system, it is every bit as innovative.
HP announced last week a set of products and services designed to help customers transform their data centers from a standalone collection of physical assets into a virtual and adaptive infrastructure designed—the logical result of the company’s acquisition of engineering firm EYP Mission Critical Facilities.
The Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers and the National Fire Protection Assn. have undertaken a joint research project to expand the knowledge of electric arc phenomena. Schneider Electric announced a $500,000 contribution to the effort.
Uninterruptible power supplies (UPS) are an example of the profound impact electronics have had on the electrical distribution world. Not only do these devices provide instantaneous backup power in the event of a power outage, but they also provide clean power on a continuous basis.
Semantics, according to Merriam-Webster, is the study of meaning. Meaning is conveyed in words. The green movement needs to clarify its semantics—its words—if it is to lead us to sustainability. To start, the words “green” and “sustainability” mean different things, but often are used interchangeably.
We often hear or talk about formal mentoring programs. These programs are touted as employee benefits and advertised in recruiting campaigns. What does mentoring mean in the context of fire protection engineering?
The EPA released its draft of the Energy Star standard for computer standards and invites feedback. The deadline to provide comments is March 14.
Read about project winners in the Heath Care, Commercial Building, Institutional Building, Public Assembly, and Industrial Facilities or Processes categories.
News from Dunham Assocs., JacobsCarter Burgess, Peter Basso Assocs., KlingStubbins, Smith Seckman Reid, MACTEC Engineering & Consulting, Tetra Tech Rizzo, EMCOR Group, Howard R. Green Co., IBA Consultants, TLC Engineering, and more.
Consulting-Specifying Engineer magazine was selected by Portland Energy Conservation Inc. (PECI) as a media partner to promote the National Conference on Building Commissioning.
Key organizations have formed the Commercial Buildings Initiative (CBI) to examine how to transform commercial building energy use. The CBI is an alliance of industrial, academic, and governmental representatives who develop ways to deliver Zero Net Energy Commercial Buildings in a cost-effective and widespread manner.
News from Peter Basso, EwingCole, KJWW, and more.
On Dec. 19, President Bush signed the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 after the U.S. House of Representatives adopted the bill by a large margin.
The UN Intergovermental Panel on Climate Change has issued its fourth and final assessment report as part of its "Climate Change 2007" survey.
HP today announced that it has signed a definitive agreement to acquire EYP Mission Critical Facilities Inc., a consulting company specializing in strategic technology planning, design, and operations support for large-scale data centers.
New products in the fire, life-safety and security industries.
The National Energy Star Change a Light Bus Tour has ended with 1 million pledges to change to energy-efficient bulbs.
BSA LifeStructures names changes to its staff, UTC Power acquires Dome-Tech Group, Opus Architects & Engineers promotes three to principals, and more.
While this information is still very fresh and many initiatives are still in the early stages of development, it is important to realize that the discussion on identifying and reducing energy use in data centers actually has roots dating back more than a decade.
Consulting-Specifying Engineer serves management, engineering management and engineering personnel who perform mechanical and/or electrical engineering activities in Consulting Engineering Firms; Design/Build Firms; Construction Firms; Contracting Firms; Engineering/Architectural Firms; Architectural/Engineering Firms; and In-house Engineering for Government Agencies, Public Utility Companies, Industrial Firms, Commercial Firms, and Institutions.**June 2008 BPA Statement Click here for the Consulting-Specifying Engineer BPA statement. Are you interested in advertising with Consulting-Specifying Engineer? Check out our guidelines, rates, and contact information below. Consulting-Specifying Engineer Magazine and Web Site Consulting-Specifying Engineer reaches more decision makers with more purchasing power than any other publication in the field and carries more advertising, from more companies and vendors, than any other publication in the field.Advertise with Consulting-Specifying Engineer and you can be assured that due to our reader respect and reach, your ad will have maximum sales-building impact.
Acquisitions, new hires, and other changes at the nation’s MEP engineering firms: Dewberry, RTKL, Newcomb & Boyd, and others.
The August release of a study by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on data center energy efficiency adds fuel to the fire in the research and development of new ways to reduce energy use. The findings on the energy use of data centers, summarized at www.energystar.gov/datacenters, are staggering: Several organizations are working to reduce energy consumption in data centers.
The EPA’s July report to Congress on server and data center energy efficiency explains what it means to the data centers we’ve come to rely upon.
The DOE and The Green Grid signed a memorandum of understanding to promote energy efficiency in IT.
Gregory Cade, FEMA Assistant Administrator of the U.S. Fire Administration, announced the latest edition of “Fire in the United States”. The 14th edition covers the 10-year period from 1995-2004 and focuses on the national fire problem and provides an overview of the fire problem in structures, vehicles and other mobile properties.
Jerry Yudelson, national faculty member for USGBC's LEED program, describes the seven keys to marketing sustainable design.
The TEAM Initiative aims to meet or exceed the goals already laid out by President Bush for increasing energy efficiency throughout the federal government. Experts predict that reducing energy intensity by 30% across the DOE complex will save approximately $90 million each year, after projects are paid for.
President Bush signed the America COMPETES Act Aug. 9 that may advance the government on cutting-edge renewable energy research, but it's unclear whether such an agency will receive any funding.
The EPA issued its final report to Congress last week on Server and Data Center Energy Efficiency.
In comparing last year's CSE Giants Report with our 2007 ranking, two things are striking: First, combined total revenue for all of these 100 firms is a sizable chunk of the economy. Second, growth in revenue compared to the prior year attests to the strength of the AEC industry and the good health of MEP engineering.
This year's 18th Annual Energy Efficiency Forum, in June at the National Press Club in Washington, D.C., co-sponsored by Johnson Controls, Milwaukee, and the U.S. Energy Assn., couldn't have been more timely. Major congressional hearings on energy convened the same day. And the forum followed immediately upon the G-8 Summit's discussions on climate change.
After 42 years, Intel co-founder Gordon Moore's prediction that the number and speed of transistors on a microchip would double every one to two years is still going strong. Named Moore's Law, this 1965 forecast was expected to endure just a decade its author says, but historical cycles lengthened the grip of Moore's Law on technological innovation (see Figure 1).
Mayor Jerry Sanders of San Diego in June announced the official formation of CleanTECH San Diego, a non-profit trade association that is intended to foster and build an energy and environmental technology cluster in the greater San Diego region. The organization will be incubated at CONNECT, a public benefits organization that promotes entrepreneurship in the San Diego region by supporting the ...
Testing tools, surge suppression devices and lightning protection equipment
Where limitations on building height influence the design of the ventilation system, HVAC system designers might consider mixed-flow impeller exhaust fans to meet height restrictions and enhance roofline aesthetics.
Although the overall R&D facilities market is somewhat slowing down, a number of R&D markets remain hot and are driving a new generation of high-tech, energy-efficient, amenity-packed laboratories. Leading the R&D charge is biotech, nanotechnology, bio-fuels, bio-safety and alternative energy research.
Approval of ASHRAE's Standard 62.1 ventilation rate calculation procedure for the International Mechanical Code (IMC) in May marks a milestone for the high-profile mandatory-language standard after years of development aimed at code adoption. The International Code Council approved an ASHRAE proposal to incorporate the prescriptive ventilation rate procedure from ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 62.
The transfer switch allows multiple sources of power to supply a given load. While the transfer from one power source to another can be controlled manually or automatically, all transfer switches are built to certain code requirements for transferring loads. No matter what type of transfer switch is used, it is important that the electrical system designer understand the basics about these devi...
Findings from the newMcGraw-Hill Construction Report "Greening of Corporate America," say that profitability in America’s corporations correlate to green building principles and sustainability practices.
Six industry teams participating in a U.S. Dept. of Energy program have successfully completed tests of the first solid oxide fuel cell prototypes that can be manufactured at costs approaching those of conventional stationary power-generation technology.
Former President Bill Clinton announced yesterday the creation of a global Energy Efficiency Building Retrofit Program, a project of the Clinton Climate Initiative (CCI). This program brings together four of the world’s largest energy service companies, five of the world’s largest banks and 16 of the world’s largest cities in a landmark program designed to reduce energy consumption in existing buildings.
Enhanced series relays from SEL, disconnect switches from Hubbell Wiring, cable solutions by Corning and wireless mesh photo sensor from Cooper Lighting.
The city of Boulder, Colo., passed a city-wide referendum last November that establishes a charge on electricity users based on how much energy they use. The money will go to support Boulder's Climate Action Plan to reduce global warming pollution. The passage marked the first time in the nation that a municipal government will impose an energy tax on its residents to directly combat climate change.
Bypass packages are electronically controlled and feature automatic bypass, common start/stop in drive or bypass modes, and advanced override that performs in coordination with the drive and bypass for improved protection. All features are programmed through the drive keypad. The packages provide improved protection and operation through a bypass 24-volt DC switch-mode power supply.
One out of every six dollars spent on power system equipment is spent on alternate power systems that back up primary systems.¹ To what degree does spending on alternate systems take from the investment needed to increase the security of the primary power system? Conversely, to what degree can investment in the alternate systems increase the security of the primary system? Power security i...
The city of Toronto has capitalized on a valuable asset lying 272 feet below the surface of Lake Ontario — icy cold water that remains at a constant 39.2 degrees Fahrenheit all year round.Since August 2004, this previously-untapped resource has been supplying economical and environmentally-friendly air conditioning to large buildings in the city’s downtown. The Deep Lake Water Cooling (DLWC) system in Toronto is the world’s largest.The city is an ideal location for this innovative technology, because a deep body of water is situated near the dense, urban center.The DLWC system is operated by Enwave Energy Corporation, a private corporation co-owned by the City of Toronto and the Ontario Municipal Employees Retirement System (OMERS) that provides heating and/or cooling services to over 140 institutional and commercial buildings in downtown Toronto. The DLWC process is not complicated.A heat exchange system at the City's John Street Pumping Station transfers cold energy from the lake water to a separate, closed water loop that distributes cooling energy to Enwave’s customers.The closed water loop circulates in an underground piping distribution network, providing air conditioning to the Metro Toronto Convention Centre and to skyscrapers and other major buildings.The DLWC system has enough capacity to air condition 100 office buildings or 34 million square feet of building space. After the lake water passes through the heat exchange process, it is fed into the city’s potable water system, avoiding the potential negative environmental impact of discharging the warmed water back into the lake.A single source of water provides cooling for Enwave's DLWC system and drinking water for the city. The environmental benefits of DLWC are dramatic.DLWC consumes only one-tenth the electricity compared to conventional chillers.The lake water system thereby eliminates 61 megawatts of electricity demand from Ontario’s electricity grid, during peak usage periods — equivalent to the electricity required to air condition 6,800 homes.The reduced electricity consumption annually removes 79,000 tons of carbon dioxide from the air, an amount equivalent to taking 15,800 cars off the road.The DLWC system not only reduces these greenhouse gases, but it also eliminates the use of large quantities of ozone-depleting refrigerants. Enwave’s customers benefit from the availability of smart energy that is sustainable, clean and renewable, without having to pay premium prices.Moreover, DLWC, like other green projects, involves high capital expenditures and low operating costs.Therefore, Enwave is able to offer price stability, an important advantage in an era of rising and unpredictable energy costs. Centralized production of cooling energy is more cost-effective, reliable and convenient, than distributed building-specific cooling, because it removes the need to acquire, service and maintain cooling equipment in each building. The noise, vibration and structure-born sounds of cooling equipment are eliminated. The space typically reserved for cooling equipment is freed for other purposes, and the coolers visible on roofs and walls are no longer needed. “We are changing the paradigm of how buildings provide air conditioning,” explains Steve Perkins, Enwave’s Vice President of Engineering.“Instead of buying electricity to power their own cooling system, our customers now outsource the process to our district cooling operation.They receive cooling energy in the form of cold water and they need only distribute that cooling energy within their building.” Enwave bills each customer by calculating energy consumed, based on the water flow and the temperature differential between the customer’s supply and return lines.“Our customers are used to the model of buying precisely-metered electricity, and it is critical that we provide excellent metering accuracy,” says Perkins.“Some of our cooling customers are buying hundreds of thousands, or millions, of dollars in cooling each year.” For metering systems, Enwave has turned to SRB Controls Inc., of Markham, Ontario, which recommended the IFS 4000 KC Enviromag electromagnetic flowmeter (EMF), ranging in diameter from 3 inches to 20 inches, from KROHNE, Inc.
Independent tests show that transfer switches from ASCO , Florham Park, N.J., exceed the International Building Code requirement by operating during a simulated severe seismic event. The significance of this test is that the requirement only requires the transfer switch to operate before and after an event. IBC 2003 certification for severe seismic events is critical for states such as California, Washington, Nevada, Idaho and Colorado. ASCO had its transfer switches tested because IBC requirements now demand that transfer switches be subjected to simulated seismic events, rather than an engineering analysis.
While it is recognized that potable water is an increasingly fragile resource in the United States, the issues of water-conservative fixtures, rainwater harvesting, water recycling and reclamation are only just starting to be addressed by codes and regulations. The recent surge in green building is bringing the issues into focus as plumbing engineers and building and code officials attempt to i...
Bristol Compressors, Bristol, Va., is being acquired by New York-based KPS Capital Partners LP from Milwaukee-based Johnson Controls Inc. E-Mon , Langhorne, Pa., maker of electric submetering equipment, announced its sale by Hunt Power, L.P. to the E-Mon management team backed by private equity investor Branford Castle, Inc.
Legislation to repeal a tax withholding requirement for all government contracts and payments was introduced in the House this week by Congressmen Kendrick Meek (D-FL) and Wally Herger (R-CA). The Meek/Herger bill (H.R. 1023) would repeal Section 511 of the Tax Increase Prevention and Reconciliation Act of 2005, which is a sweeping new requirement mandating that federal, state and local governments that spend $100 million or more annually withhold 3% from payments for goods and services. The withholding mandate is scheduled to take effect in 2011 and covers all government contracts as well as any payment to any person for a service or product provided to a government entity. The legislation is supported by the American Council of Engineering Companies, Washington, D.C., among other associations. "This is one of the most inherently unfair pieces of legislation to come along and we will aggressively fight to see that it is killed," said ACEC President Dave Raymond. ACEC is working with a broad coalition and actively lobbying Congress to pass the bill. Passage of this legislation will also be a major goal for ACEC's "citizen lobbyists" during its annual convention, which takes place May 6-9 in Washington, D.C., To view ACEC's endorsement letter to Congressman Meek, click here .
This month's panel of fire protection experts hash out the advantages and disadvantages of steel, copper and CPVC sprinkler systems. CSE: What are the main advantages and disadvantages of copper, steel and chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC) sprinkler piping materials? SCHULTZ: Steel is the oldest, most common pipe in use.
In a keynote address at the LinuxWorld OpenSolutions Summit in New York on Feb. 15, Randy Allen, corporate vice president, server and workstation division, AMD, Sunnyvale, Calif., revealed findings from a study that comprehensively calculated, for the first time, the energy consumed by national and global data centers annually. Addressing the need for thorough, credible estimates on data center power use, the study found that in 2005, in the United States alone, data centers and their associated infrastructures consumed five million kW of energy, the equivalent of five 1,000 MW power plants. Instituting an annual report on energy efficiency in U.S. data centers to measure progress and determine new opportunities and challenges; Developing a mechanism to enable businesses, large and small, to measure their own data center efficiency; and Increasing alignment between government and vendor-neutral industry groups to foster the development of energy-efficient data centers for the future. "The Environmental Protection Agency applauds AMD and this latest benchmarking effort to better understand the global impact data centers have on energy consumption," said Andrew Fanara, team leader, U.S.
President George W. Bush released an executive order last month calling on the head of each federal agency to reduce "energy intensity" (energy consumption per sq. ft.
Heat loads generated by IT equipment can present significant problems for data centers by introducing effects such as decreased equipment availability, wasted floor space and inefficient cooling system operation. One solution, liquid cooling, is described in detail in ASHRAE’s new publication, “Liquid Cooling Guidelines for Datacom Equipment Centers.” The guide covers a broad range of liquid cooling topics such as facility cooling systems, facility piping design, liquid cooling implementation for datacom equipment, liquid cooling infrastructure requirements for chilled water systems, and liquid cooling infrastructure requirements for technology cooling systems. The book is the fourth in a series written by ASHRAE Technical Committee 9.9, Mission Control Facilities, Technology Spaces and Electronic Equipment. “The book incorporates the experience of liquid cooling from the mainframe days,” said Roger Schmidt of IBM and chair of TC 9.9. “Liquid cooling is a proven technology, and the book provides a good central source of liquid cooling information from the datacom equipment to the facility level.” For more about “Liquid Cooling Guidelines for Datacom Equipment Centers,” visit the Bookstore at www.ashrae.org .
A memorandum of understanding to strengthen intellectual property rights (IPR) protection was signed between the major U.S. and Chinese air conditioning and refrigeration industry organizations during the AHR Expo held in Dallas last week. The exhibition companies of the largest U.S.
Construction will experience healthful economic conditions in 2007, with nonresidential construction supporting its growth. Spending on nonresidential construction expanded at a 16% annual rate, during the year ended September. Since then, growth has slowed to 11% to 12% and will slow to 8% by the end of 2007, Reed Construction Data (RCD) reported. The slowdown is expected to occur because of the plunge in residential building last year and the decrease in overall economic growth from 3.5% to 4%, to 2.5% to 3%. Reed Construction Data also detailed growth in specific areas.
Two-compartment recessed floor boxes provide power and communications services in open spaces or directly to a workstation as a furniture feed box. The floor box can be installed in either concrete or wood floors. A lightweight slab-on-grade version features a fusion-bonded epoxy finish that is applied to the standard steel box, which eliminates the need for a costlier cast iron box.
The Atlanta-based American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) has signed a memorandum of understanding with the Council of American Mechanical and Electrical Engineers (CAMEE). The agreement formalizes a working relationship between ASHRAE, which is interested in the technical aspects of the building environment, and CAMEE, which is focused on the business aspects of mechanical and electrical engineering. CAMEE, a coalition within the American Council of Engineering Companies (ACEC), was formed to provide up-to-date information to its M/E/P engineering member firms on new concepts such as green buildings techniques and the new building information modeling (BIM) system—innovations that advance design capability, but also carry potential liability. “The agreement serves to bridge a gap between ASHRAE and CAMEE and their common interests in government advocacy on behalf of our members and education for the operation of engineering businesses,” said Terry Townsend, P.E., ASHRAE president. “ASHRAE and CAMEE can now market our activities to the mutual benefit of our collective memberships.” “We look forward to our cooperation with ASHRAE and the benefits that will accrue to both organizations,” said David Raymond, president of ACEC.
Australian officials say that they intend to build the world's largest solar power plant. With warnings of blackouts within five years unless it can increase electricity generation, and extended severe drought eating into economic growth and water availability, the Australian government has begun very active support for alternative forms of energy. Demand for power in Australia's most populous state, New South Wales, is predicted to outstrip supply by 2010 or 2011. The smaller states of Victoria, South Australia and Queensland could experience power blackouts much earlier, starting from 2008, said the National Electricity Market Management Company. The new solar concentrator, with a capacity of 154 megawatts, would be built in Victoria state, and would reach full capacity by 2013, according to Peter Costello, "The project aims to build the biggest photovoltaic project in the world and this is by using mirrors which concentrate the sun's rays on a power plant," Costello said.
Cleaver-Brooks announced that its Stratford, Ontario facility has won the 2005 GAMA Hydronics Institute Plant Safety Award at the institute’s recent HI Division Semi-Annual Meeting. Cummins Power Generation, Minneapolis, has received the 2006 North American Diesel Engine Technology Leadership of the Year Award from Frost & Sullivan. Ferraz Shawmut, Newburyport, Mass., was honored by the IMARK Group at the 2006 IMARK Distinguished Performance Awards for top honors in “Sales Leadership.” Prolec-GE, a joint venture between Atlanta-based GE Energy and Xignux, Monterrey, Mexico, recently received a “Recognition for Environmental Excellence 2005” award from Mexico’s federal government and the Federal Ministry for Environmental Protection, Procuraduría Federal de Protección al Ambiente (PROFEPA). Johnson Controls, Inc., Milwaukee, has announced that the American Diabetes Assn. recognized John M. Barth, JCI’s chairman and chief executive officer, as the Corporate Honoree of Diversity at its 2006 Live the Good Life Gala on Oct.
Poor cash flow directly impacts the value of a firm, more so than profits. Understanding the difference between profits and cash flow is the first step to strong financial management, according to consultants at Natick, Mass.-based ZweigWhite. "Growing companies, even profitable ones, often experience financial pains. I've heard of successful companies growing themselves out of business because of liquidity issues," says David Rabinovitz, a ZweigWhite associate who specializes in financial advisory services.
Several technical and economic advantages argue in favor of both distributed generation and alternative power—but there are also disadvantages that hinder development. CSE: Right off the bat, what are the biggest obstacles to implementing distributed generation (DG) and alternative power solutions? DAUFFENBACH: Justifying capital cost to install, operate and maintain the equipment, becaus...
The state of Kentucky has adopted the most recent editions of NFPA 1, Uniform Fire Code and NFPA 101, Life Safety Code . The adoptions became effective in September. “The adoption of NFPA 1 , NFPA 101 and other key NFPA codes and standards provides the most comprehensive set of safety tools that the enforcement community and building owners can have,” said Rodney Raby, Kentucky’s state fire marshal. “This adoption is just one more example of Kentucky’s ongoing commitment to providing the highest level of protection for those living in and visiting the Commonwealth.” Recognized worldwide and adopted statewide in 19 states, NFPA 1 provides requirements necessary to establish a reasonable level of fire safety and property protection from hazards created by fire and explosion.
The “green” revolution has gradually evolved from niche to mainstream and continually surfaces in our everyday lives. Whether it's eco-friendly cars or products/building materials for a more sustainable home, consumers increasingly understand that being green not only benefits the environment, but also benefits them and their children in the long run. For instance, water conservation is a resonating issue today and not just in areas typically affected, such as Arizona or California. Everyone must conserve water, and this message is clear to consumers.
Water today has become a hot topic among those trying to reduce their impact on our precious environment. And as water and sewer rates climb rapidly, water consumption has also become an important subject when considering how to reduce costs and impact to the bottom line. Most commercial buildings are typically large consumers of water, and frankly, the largest percentage of their indoor water use passes through their toilets.
The state of California plans to adopt the International Association of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials’ (IAPMO) 2006 Uniform Plumbing Code (UPC) and 2006 Uniform Mechanical Code (UMC). Government subcommittees are currently drafting state-specific amendments to the codes and preparing to present the recommended changes at forthcoming public hearings. The proposed codes will be identified as the 2007 California Plumbing Code (CPC) and 2007 California Mechanical Code (CMC) and are expected to go into effect January 1, 2008. Dwight Perkins, IAPMO’s western regional manager, was enthusiastic about the imminent code adoptions.
For the first time, small business owners can go to one website to find federal compliance information. Business.gov , the official business link to the U.S. government, is re-launching on October 2 to focus on compliance information, federal forms and agency compliance contacts across multiple federal agencies.
Like medical centers everywhere, St. Michael’s Hospital in Toronto, Canada, is under budget constraints and constantly seeking ways to pare down operating expenses. The facility’s managers have discovered that energy efficiency can make a tremendous difference in their bottom line. This 550-bed acute-care, teaching and research hospital, which has served the residents of Toronto since 1892, found a way to save Can$1.4 million annually through a major heating and cooling system retrofit.
It’s no surprise that reliability, energy efficiency and high density are dominating discussions about data centers. High-density server facilities have quickly become a widespread reality. Not only are they adding nearly 1 GW of power demand to the U.S.
Click Here to View Upcoming Webcasts Critical Power University On-Demand Webcasts: Standby Power Systems for Hospitals: The Debate: Is Paralleling Generators a Good Idea? Original Air Date: May 14, 2009 The primary goal of an emergency power system for a hospital is the reliability of the power source of adequate capacity to serve the Priority 1, 2, and 3 loads. In the event of a failure of one of the generators, the priority 1 and 2 loads should be powered (as a minimum). There are two ways to achieve this reliability and capacity: A) Provide a paralleling, emergency system with N+1 generators such that the N generators will serve the entire load without exceeding 80% of their individual unit rating. Or, B) Provide a system of generators and transfer switches so that the each generator serves a dedicated load (that does not exceed 80% of any unit rating) and the load of any generator can be transferred to another generator or generators to maintain power reliability. For the paralleling system the pros are:Traditional system configuration, true N+1 configuration, and the cons are: higher cost, large space requirements, and single-point-failure mode in the paralleling cabinet. For the multiple generator system the pros are:Smaller footprint, reduced cost, no single point failure modes, and the cons are: the configuration requires that two transfer switches be placed in series at some point in the system. Which is the better approach? View the Webcast and judge for yourself. Arguing for paralleling generators is Tom Divine, PE, Project Manager and Electrical Engineer, Smith Seckman Reid, Inc. (SSR), Houston. Arguing against paralleling generators is Kenneth Lovorn, PE, President and Chief Engineer, Lovorn Engineering Associates, Pittsburgh. All CPU Webcasts are FREE and continuing education credits are available.
Zandar Technologies has provided its 1RU FusionPro MultiViewers to Thames Valley Police, to create what are accepted to be the most technically sophisticated custody suites in the United Kingdom. This large partnership project was carried out for the Custody Refurbishment Programme worth approximately “The recognized increase in incidents of near misses and death in custody were a driving force behind this project. Other critical factors included an increase in accountability, rising staffing costs as well as the operational aspects of clutter in an operator’s space (alarms, cell calls, intercoms and CCTV systems). The police wanted a system that utilized space and to visually alleviate these challenges,” explained Stephen Smith, sales and marketing director at Integrated Security Manufacturing (ISM). Five out of 12 custody suites have so far been completed at Thames Valley Police and a Zandar 1RU FusionPro MultiViewer is allocated to each suite.
Just a month ago a fairly significant anniversary passed without much ado. The specific date was July 7—the one-year anniversary of the London subway bombings. At the time, the event, just after London was named host of the 2012 summer Olympic Games, brought back many of the same insecurities people experienced after 9/11. But while the anniversary passed under the radar of the average American, it didn't mean those in the security industry weren't paying attention.
For those involved with the design and construction of data centers, it's good news all around. Leading experts report no foreseeable end to the need to build and upgrade these critical facilities. Speaking at a supply chain event in Nashville, sponsored by Turner Logistics, key executives from EYP Mission Critical Facilities, one of the nation's top data center design firms, addressed key trends in this market sector. According to Rick Einhorn, the firm's chief marketing officer, advances in distributed computing and a potential lack of proper facilities to house this increasingly sophisticated—and power-consuming/heat-generating—equipment will continue to drive the market for at least the next three years. "At least 18 of the top 20 financial institutions are in some kind of build-out right now," said Einhorn. And it's not just banks: Hospitals, big box retailers, the government, universities, Internet companies, telecom, pharma, oil services and even broadcast companies are all building data centers.
• Lilker Assocs. , New York, announced that Michael Levine, P.E. , has joined the firm as Director of Institutional Projects.
Nuclear power, a technology long thought dead in this country, is gaining renewed interest from electric utilities and regulators as a way to address both rising fuel costs and plant emissions concerns. Utilities have announced plans to build 17 new nuclear reactors, and government officials are promoting such plants as one way to counter concerns regarding emissions from coal- and oil-fired plants. However, waste concerns continue to plague developers. Fifteen of the 17 proposed new plants would be sited in the southeastern United States, including three in South Carolina.
Two big issues in the construction of any project are costs and schedule. In an ideal world, there would be a way to meet the demands of both in a manner that satisfies all parties. Of course, that's easier said than done.
Increasing energy efficiency and lowering costs while satisfying comfort-demanding consumers and protecting the environment is no small task. A recently completed project in Toronto, Canada, is an example of what can happen when all the right components are in place. The key was drawing icy water from the lake, and using it to chill the water used to air condition downtown buildings. Water at 4 The project was initiated by Enwave District Energy Ltd., an organization owned 43% by the city of Toronto, and 57% by the OMERS pension fund (the Ontario Municipal Employees Retirement System).
In the good old days, it seemed as though profit margins were high and demand was upward and predictable. While business inefficiency was always a topic of some concern, it was overpowered by the need to never stop the production juggernaut. Where inefficiency was recognized and addressed, the attention was clearly on improving the means of production, not on the business as a whole.
NEMA Business Information Services (NEMA/BIS), the consulting arm of the National Electrical Manufacturers Assn., has announced the availability of its newest product, the Electroindustry Economic Outlook Service, an up-to-date, forward-looking analysis of the electroindustry and the economic fundamentals that drive it. The Electroindustry Economic Outlook Service is described by the association as a subscription-based, regularly updated compendium of the information that industry professionals and executives most often request. Content is drawn from a wealth of data sources, including numerous U.S. government and international data agencies, the Global Insight model of the U.S.
Louis Sullivan most likely wasn't thinking about correctional facilities when he argued that the form of a building should follow its function, but few other building types point out the wisdom of this school of thought quite as well. Each facility is designed to meet a specific population's needs, and every element must be designed to perform—and survive—in a highly demanding environment. Experts say the market for these buildings shows no signs of slowing, and new design strategies and technologies are evolving. Your tax dollars at work Though correctional facilities rarely top taxpayers' agendas, tougher sentencing laws have resulted in more prisoners—and the need for space to house them—across the U.S. Those specializing in correctional-facility design say today's market is primarily centered at the county and state level, with federal projects being fewer and farther between.
CH2M HILL announced in February that it has been issued a general contractor's license by the Shanghai Ministry of Construction in China. This enables CH2M HILL to provide consulting, engineering, project management, construction management and fully integrated engineering, procurement and construction services. The license also positions the firm for future general building and public works facilities in China. “This will position CH2M HILL to serve its many multi-national clients’ expansion plans in the industrial marketplace to fulfill Chinese demand,” said David Rosamond, vice president.
Dr. Frankenstein might have some trouble adapting to the modern laboratory environment. His cluttered, poorly lit, cave-like workspace—complete with crackling dynamos and vial upon vial of mysterious fluid—is a far cry from the spacious, daylit and well-ventilated facilities that researchers desire today. But one trait of scientists that transcends generations—and the boundary between fiction and reality—is a passion for the work.
A recently announced study is intended to help Wyoming planners determine the transmission facilities needed to make the state a larger power exporter to the western United States . The Wyoming-West study will build on previous efforts to determine future energy needs in the region. Several major transmission projects have been either proposed or initiated in the last year to create new interconnections between Wyoming and other states in the area, including California , Nevada , Utah , Wyoming and Arizona . This new study will identify infrastructure requirements to meet the needs of these new interconnections. The study is being sponsored by the Wyoming Infrastructure Authority , a quasi-governmental group formed in 2004 to plan and fund new transmission capacity, and National Grid , a British-based power company whose U.S.
The populist movement against municipal eminent-domain actions could add fire to a Georgia group's efforts to rein in the right of power companies to site new transmission lines on private property. Homeowners Opposing Powerline Encroachment (HOPE) is hoping to gain new support as the Georgia legislature begins debate on several bills seeking to curb the ability of towns and cities to seize pri...
The U.S. Dept. of Energy (DOE) awarded Florida State University (FSU) a $4.7 million grant in late 2005 to aid the research efforts of the school's Center for Advanced Power Systems (CAPS). CAPS is already a leading power-system research center, focusing on both land- and ship-based equipment and systems.
Photovoltaics makers are planning for expansion in the wake of an announcement by California regulators in January that the state will offer $3.2 billion in rebates for solar. The plan, which puts California second only to Germany in terms of governmental spending on solar power, will span the next 11 years and could enable the installation of up to 3,000 MW of solar-based generating capacity. The program includes $2.8 billion in incentives for solar-equipment installation on existing residential, commercial, industrial and agricultural buildings. An additional $400 million will provide incentives for residential builders to incorporate PV into new-home designs. Solar manufacturers indicated the move could lead to expansions of existing manufacturing facilities, according to interviews reported on the Renewable Energy Access website.
Codes and regulations for standby and emergency generators were among the hottest topics of discussion at the Power-Gen International conference and expo, held in Las Vegas in early December. And one of the most widely discussed issues was the recent announcement from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency concerning its New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) for stationary generator sets.
While the effort to secure federal buildings against terrorism is well underway, more than 85% of non-residential U.S. buildings are neither owned nor leased by the federal government. In an effort to fill the security gap, a new group has been formed to promote security awareness and measures. Led by the American Society of Civil Engineers and the Architectural Engineering Institute—and supported by numerous building, design, management and ownership organizations—the Building Security Council (BSC) is dedicated to enhancing public safety by promoting building security.
For a generation of students used to having their own bedrooms, TVs, computers and, in many cases, cars, the expectation—demand, even—for certain lifestyle amenities at colleges and universities is quickly becoming the norm. This is a lesson savvy school designers have learned and are communicating to their university clients so that these institutions can deliver the kinds of buildings that best allow them to be in a position to land these highly desired, if somewhat pampered, prospects. "You have to have the best facilities if you want to compete for the best students," says Don Rerko, AIA, director of college and university facilities, URS, Cleveland. And, according to Mike Brennan, AIA, senior vice president, HSMM, Roanoke, Va., the competition among institutions is very strong. "Most [schools] are looking for ways to differentiate themselves with expanded programs, modernized facilities, diverse residential opportunities and a host of amenities," he says. It's this last category, says Gary Pateau, a senior vice president of development with Altanta-based Carter, that's really influencing a lot of campus construction.
Industry experts discuss strategies for reducing Legionella outbreaks while, at the same time, maintaining water temperature at levels safe enough to prevent scalding. CSE: How common is it for facility owners and designers to proactively address the issues of Legionella and scalding? FITZGERALD: Unfortunately, not as common as it should be. I attribute this to the lack of understanding by infection control practitioners and facilities management about sources of bacteria and effective treatment protocols. SHEERIN: But in general, media coverage, facility maintenance education and sometimes local and state regulatory enforcement have created a greater awareness of the Legionella hazard. And most health-care facilities we work with proactively monitor and maintain their domestic hot water systems. HOOVER: While that's generally true, one obstacle I foresee to a more proactive approach is the rising cost of natural gas.
• Dennis Cronin has joined Gilbane Building Company , Lawrenceville, N.J., as principal for the Mission Critical Center of Excellence. Cronin has 25 years experience in the data center/mission-critical market segment. • Smith Seckman Reid, Inc. has added four new employees to its Memphis office: Francois van Eck, P.E.
The Light Brigade, Tukwila, Wash., has been awarded a contract from the U.S. General Services Administration to provide fiber-optic training and training materials to the federal government. This contract, #GS-02F-001R, details special discounts on Light Brigade training courses as well as on educational DVDs, videos and CD-ROMs. Fiber Optics 1-2-3 focuses on the design, installation, testing and maintenance of fiber-optic communication systems for voice, video and data applications.
The Associated General Contractors of America (AGC) has expressed concern about proposed discretionary spending cuts being reviewed by Congress. The cuts include reductions in federal investment in infrastructure programs. AGC Senior Executive Director, Government and Public Affairs Jeff Shoaf, in a letter to the U.S. House of Representatives, said, “while we recognize the need to provide disaster relief funding, and support accomplishing this goal in a fiscally responsible way, AGC is concerned that spending reductions to federal construction accounts will diminish our ability to meet the nation’s critical infrastructure needs, including those resulting from the impacts of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita.” The letter noted that deferring critical infrastructure investment today will only put off additional federal spending until later, when it will be necessary to respond to higher construction costs and address compounding capital and maintenance needs. “Now is not the time to propose spending cuts to programs that protect against the impacts of natural disasters,” Shoaf said, adding, “A two percent reduction in federal construction programs would result in more than a $1 billion cut to critical infrastructure spending.”.
The National Electrical Manufacturers Assn. (NEMA) recently convened a coalition of organizations to educate its members, government officials and the community on the commercial buildings tax deduction provision and proper implementation of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct 2005). EPAct 2005 provides a new deduction for investing in energy-efficient systems for commercial building property. The deduction is equal to the energy-efficient expenditures made on the property, subject to a cap, and applies to both new construction and retrofits that are installed between Dec.
On August 8, President Bush signed the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct 2005). Estimated to cost the federal government about $14.5 billion over 10 years, EPAct 2005 is the biggest overhaul of national energy policy since 1992. One of the act's provisions includes a tax deduction of up to $1.80 per sq. ft.
A subject consistently billed in numerous sessions at the American Society of Industrial Security's recent conference in Orlando was Homeland Security. Besides generating a lot of work, the federal government is having another significant impact on the security industry in the form of a cordial, but firm push for security standards for both products and design. According to Jon Kinsey, business development manager for the government services group of Simplex, Dublin, Ohio, it starts with the Safety Act. "When you register with the government to get your product approved for use in Homeland Security projects, you must meet these standards," he said. Kinsey's company is currently a pre-qualified vendor with the U.S.
A new publication, entitled Revitalization, is scheduled to debut in Jan. 2006 and will provide “an integrated voice for redevelopment, restoration, reclamation, renewal and revitalization throughout the country,” according to its publisher, Natick, Mass.-based ZweigWhite. “This is an estimated $1 trillion industry.” The publication is designed to be a comprehensive resource for developers, owners, builders, contractors, planners, designers, landscape architects, environmental professionals, community leaders and government officials.
During the 2003 summer blackout, which left large parts of the Midwest and East Coast in the dark, hundreds of health-care facilities were affected. Like many of its neighbors, one Midwest hospital lost both primary and alternate power. To add insult to injury, the local utility soon after informed the hospital that due to local growth, it would have to start charging a hefty fee for alternate power service. The hospital decided it was time to back up its entire campus with emergency gensets. Power events are often the catalyst that finally motivates a health-care facility to address neglected maintenance and needed upgrades.
On the face of it, engineers pursuing business in the industrial market today should be seeing plenty of half-full glasses. According to a July National Assn. of Manufacturers (NAM)/ Fortune Magazine survey, 86% of large manufacturers and 82% of smaller ones describe their outlook as positive.
If you haven't finished a fire sprinkler retrofit recently, chances are you'll be starting one soon. College dorms, in particular, are a hotbed of activity, as are downtown high-rises. Why all the interest? Basically, there are three reasons driving the increase in fire sprinkler retrofits: First, more people are safety-conscious and see fire sprinklers as a means to save lives.
The U.S. General Services Administration mandated the participation of certified lighting designers on its projects a few months ago, but this has created questions among those involved in lighting design. Already hazy on what exactly it means to bear the "LC" (Lighting Certified) credential after one's name, some electrical engineers are expressing further confusion in attempting to understand the ramifications of GSA's mandate. In response to a web story CSE ran last month, one reader queried: "Does one infer correctly that in addition to being a licensed professional engineer, one must now obtain certification from NCQLP in order to sign, seal and deliver GSA documents?" According to the National Council on Qualifications for the Lighting Professions (NCQLP), the makers of the LC exam, "The LC credential demonstrates to clients/customers and your peers that you have acquired the necessary knowledge, understanding and ability to apply lighting principles and techniques successfully." In other words, it verifies that one is a capable lighting designer.
What do engineers need to know to balance the health impacts of smoking with the desires of building owners and with local laws and regulations? According to a new position document from ASHRAE, engineers should abide by local regulations and codes addressing environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). The organization also takes the position that designers should educate their clients about the substantial limitations and available benefits of engineering controls. ASHRAE’s Environmental Tobacco Smoke Position Document provides information on the health consequences of exposure of nonsmokers to tobacco smoke in indoor environments, and on the implications of this knowledge for the design, installation and operation of HVAC systems. While ASHRAE realizes that elimination of indoor smoking is the best way to minimize ETS exposure, it also recognizes that much of the population is exposed to ETS in workplaces, homes and public places. As such, the Society recommends that engineers work with clients to address ETS exposure. Engineers should take into account all laws and regulations in regard to indoor smoking and develop a strategy that will result in the lowest ETS exposure to building occupants within the context of building use. The document outlines four design and operation approaches to addressing ETS exposure in buildings: • Banning smoking indoors • Only allowing smoking in isolated rooms • Allowing smoking in separate but not isolated spaces • Allowing a mixed occupancy of smokers and nonsmokers The document also contains information on characteristics and concentrations of ETS in indoor spaces, health effects of involuntary smoking and considerations related to HVAC system design and operation.
Most employees who receive cash bonus payments usually compute them as a percentage of their own individual salary (e.g., “I received a 14% cash bonus!”), according to the 2005 PSMJ A/E Bonus & Benefits Survey , which reports the lowest, average and highest cash bonus—as percentage of employee salary—paid to eligible individuals. The survey yields some surprising results: • For the overall survey, the bonus percentages ranged from a low of 2% to a high of 15% with firms providing an average of 8% bonuses. • With respect to firm size, the large firms (staff size over 500) award the largest average (12%) as well as the largest highest (40%) bonus percentages. • By type of service, the engineering (prime), A/E and full-service (A/E/P/I) firms report the widest variation in bonus awards from the 25th percentile to the 75th percentile. Bonus awards vary from 2% to well over 20% in these engineering firms. Even though individuals compute their bonus as a percentage of their own individual salary, the firm should benchmark their total bonus awards compared to the other design firms competing for this same pool of employees.
In a June e-newsletter from SullivanKreiss Financial , financial consultantSiobhan Kelleher has some good benefit planning advice concerning long-term care insurance. Both the planners of benefit programs and the potential recipients of these benefits would do well to consider these issues. “A significant consideration in retirement planning is how to pay for long-term nursing care, should your health require it,” writes Kelleher. “According to research by the MetLife Mature Market Institute, once you reach age 65, you have a 50% chance of spending time in a nursing home and a 60% chance of needing some type of care at home or in a facility.” This issue is the biggest element of risk in many people's post-retirement financial strategy, Kelleher points out, but unfortunately, the high cost of skilled care can wreak havoc with a financial plan. She goes on to explain that long-term care insurance is a possible solution, but that it might not be the right answer for everyone. “Long-term care insurance, offered by private companies, covers all, or a portion of, the cost of skilled nursing care facilities and in-home assistance,” writes Kelleher.
Gray water, defined by some as recycled water for non-potable use, is gaining more and more attention in the building systems community, as illustrated in a forum that took place at the ASHRAE 2005 Annual Meeting last week in Denver, Colo. One unified call from the ASHRAE members present at the forum, entitled "What You Need to Know About Grey Water Before it Can Be Used in HVAC Cooling," was for the industry to settle on a clear definition of the term gray water. While the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency defines it as tertiary treated municipal effluent, many members felt this definition was open to interpretation.
Whether it's allocating space for new technology, contending for U.S. Green Building Council LEED certification or weighing in on a project budget, today's engineers are being asked to get more involved in facility design—and involved from the beginning. For years architects were the ones who estimated the amount of space for mechanical and electrical equipment. Mechanical and electrical infrastructure were viewed almost as if they were necessary evils. Today, however, owners, designers and building managers have a much different view; they're putting more emphasis on the function of M/E/P systems within their facilities—and rightfully so. Communicating early with other team members allows the engineer to design systems that work for all parties, from the facility's administration, care-giving staff and operating engineers to its patients.
• Northern Power Systems , Waitsfield, Vt., a subsidiary of Distributed Energy Systems Corp, has entered into an agreement to design, engineer and construct a 400-kW solar power system at a 429,000-sq.-ft. distribution center in southern California owned by footwear maker Timberland. The 401.8-kW PV system will be installed on a new "TruckPort" steel mounting structure next to the warehouse, leveraging an unused area of the facility's truck yard by providing storage space for the facility as well as shaded parking for employees. • New Energy Capital Corp ., Waltham, Mass., has teamed with Energy and Power Solutions, Inc ., to finance three cogeneration facilities at large food processing plants—one in Southern California and two in Massachusetts.
An innovative new wind energy system, expected to be available later this summer, offers buildings and businesses a viable system for generating wind power on-site and provides a hedge against future utility price increases. The product of more than 20 years of research, the new turbine is safe and aesthetically pleasing, say its developers. Compact and quiet, the turbine can be installed beside buildings or on urban rooftops and is designed to produce energy with winds of six to 60 miles per hr. "It can reduce costs and provide a natural hedge against rising fuel costs for commercial and industrial users consuming at least 600,000 kilowatt hours (kWh) annually. Businesses, manufacturers, retailers, high-rise office and apartment buildings, local governments, hospitals, schools and universities can all benefit," says Gary Westerholm, CEO and president of McKenzie Bay International, Ltd. To aid in eliminating operating and capital risks for customers, McKenzie Bay will install, own and maintain the equipment.
On average, firms in the architecture and engineering industry are expected to double in size every ten years. The question many of these firms need to answer is where all of this growth is going to come from. “One of the first steps firm leaders take toward identifying opportunities is conducting market research,” says Mark Goodale, vice president with Natick, Mass.-based ZweigWhite. “We're getting more and more requests to scan the business environment for new trends and developments.” Goodale shares a few market research tips for firm leaders looking for growth opportunities: Join professional associations.
Thirty-three pump manufacturing and leading supplier companies, all members of the Hydraulic Institute (HI), will lead a National Pump Systems Educational and Market Transformation Initiative called Pump Systems Matter (PSM).The program will place a primary focus on pump systems education and outreach, addressing significant energy savings opportunities, and total cost of pump ownership.The initiative is seeking the active support and involvement of non-government organizations focused on market transformation and energy-efficiency, utilities, user companies, consulting engineering firms, other associations and state and federal agencies among others.The first PSM Organization Meeting will be held in conjunction with the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy's (ACEEE) Summer Study Program in West Point, N.Y. Announced today at the National Market Transformation Symposium in Washington, D.C.,Pump Systems Matter is the first industry-led market transformation initiative in the United States.The following HI member companies have agreed to become Charter Partners of the initiative and will serve on the PSM Steering Committee: • Applied Flow Technology • EagleBurgmann Industries LP • Emerson Motor Company • Flowserve Corporation • Grundfos Pumps • Hamilton Sundstrand Corporation • Inpro/Seal Company • Intelliquip, LLC • ITT Industries - Fluid Technology • Iwaki America Incorporated • John Crane, Inc. • KSB, Inc. • Moyno, Inc. • Peerless Pump Company • Pentair Pump Division • Rockwell Automation • S.A. Armstrong Limited • Sulzer Pumps (US), Inc. • TACO, Inc. • WILO-EMU USA LLC Optimization of pumping systems represents a significant opportunity for U.S. companies and municipalities to save money and energy while reducing maintenance costs and increasing productivity.
With spring coming into full bloom, and of course, the recent observance of Earth Day, it’s an appropriate time to consider the state of sustainable design and LEED—Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design. In a meeting last week with CSE advisor Anil Ahuja of CCJM Engineers, Chicago, we spoke of his company’s work in this area, which is significant, including a trio of schools in the far northern suburbs and the new Ford Calumet Center on Chicago’s Southeast side—a former heavy industrial area in a wetland environs. In fact, CCJM is currently working on a total of 10 LEED-hopeful projects. But despite the seeming cornucopia, Ahuja, a LEED-Accredited Professional, thinks firms aspiring to enter the green market need to go into the process with their eyes open and be prepared to get their hands dirty with a lot of hard work. “Developers, for the most part, just don’t care about LEED,” he said. “They just don’t see how they’re going to get more rent money by doing so.” For the most part, he’s found that green backers are generally owners who are committed to the environment.
Nonresidential building construction has begun to expand, and the next three years should be good, said Jim Haughey, Ph.D., director of economics for Reed Business Information. Haughey delivered his forecast last week at Reed Construction Data’s 10th annual CEO Breakfast, held in conjunction with the Construction Specifications Institute’s national show in Chicago. Haughey pointed to a number of economic indicators that bode well for the U.S. economy in general and for the construction industry in particular.
In fashion with the nationwide goal of getting a better handle on health-care costs, one of the country's largest health-care insurance companies, Pittsburgh-based Highmark, decided it would do all it could to achieve economies of scale in developing its new data center. The process began with a decision to remain on the site of an existing facility near Harrisburg, Pa.
American A/Es venturing beyond the Atlantic and Pacific shores are finding plenty to do these days, with an overseas market that is generally up, particularly in Asia and the Middle East. "The big news, which isn't necessarily new news, is that China is very hot," says Gene Schnair, AIA, a managing partner with Skidmore, Owings & Merrill's San Francisco office.
The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania will be generating 18% of its energy from cleaner sources by 2020, according to legislation signed in December by Gov. Edward G. Rendell. With this move, Pennsylvania joins a growing list of states backing the development of more environmentally friendly energy resources.
• Advance Transformer, Rosemont, Ill., will celebrate its 60th anniversary in 2005. From its beginning as a producer of transformers for government contracts from a 4th floor storefront operation in Chicago, Advance has grown to employ more than 5,000, offer over 1,000 ballast and LED driver products and occupy more than 1 million sq. ft.
Electrical savings are significant wherever efficiencies are practiced, and airports are no exception. I recently wrote to Senator Susan Collins (R-Maine) on this subject, after the results of her Government Accountability Office (GAO) commissioned study, published last fall, on the inability of many Americans to consume less electricity in off-peak hours.
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A detailed consensus strategy was recently released with recommendations for major long-term challenges to the formulation of a national energy policy. Ending the Energy Stalemate: A Bipartisan Strategy to Meet America's Energy Challenges is the result of efforts by a commission comprised of energy experts from industry, government, labor, academia and environmental and consumer organizations a...
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Consulting-Specifying Engineer -- 12/6/2004 Health care, K-12 and higher education will be among the hottest markets for design and construction firms in 2005, say analysts from Natick, Mass.-based A/E consultant ZweigWhite. Power, air pollution and ports markets, however, will struggle. According to ZweigWhite's latest report, 2005 AEC Industry Outlook: Strategy and Insight for Design & Construction Firms, the architecture, engineering and construction business has outperformed the U.S. economy as a whole in recent years, including in 2004.
A team of government engineers and appliance manufacturers is hoping to develop combined heat-and-power units sized for U.S. homes and designed to be compatible with forced hot-air heating systems. The U.S. Dept. of Energy is leading the group, which also includes the product and technology-development firm TIAX, HVAC supplier Rheem Manufacturing company, and GAMA, an appliance-manufacturer tra...
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How does one get from a "green" building that merely looks environmentally friendly to an intelligent, high-performance building? The answer is already before us—traditional building automation. BAS may not be the first thing that comes to mind when contemplating green products, but its importance has clearly been recognized by one of the leading agencies on sustainable design, the U.
Any DWG Software, Inc. has come out with an Any DWG to PDF Converter for use with the Windows operating system. The application provides AutoCAD users with the tools to convert CAD drawings to PDF files.
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Way back in the Sept. 1990 issue of CSE, I discussed potential liability for organizations involved in codes and standards development. However, Congress passed a new law this year that will directly affect how the earlier court rulings are applied. In my article of 14 years ago, I highlighted the case of Hydrolevel v.
On the anniversary of last year's East Coast blackout, representatives of the critical power industry announced the formation of the Critical Power Coalition (CPC), an organization dedicated to developing public policy and establishing a unified voice to ensure the quality, reliability and continuity of power within critical industries, businesses and public services.
The Sustainable Buildings Industry Council (SBIC), Washington, D.C., has issued a call for entries for its 2004 Awards. Winners in three categories—institutional, residential and government—will be honored on Oct. 13 for contributions to sustainable design.
The minimum acceptable criteria for energy efficient design should be defined because there are many conflicting publications and codes available. Since 1975, the generally accepted standard of care for designing commercial buildings for energy efficiency has been ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1, Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings.
Earlier this month, real estate technology/automation conference Realcomm brought its message of intelligent buildings to high-tech San Francisco. While the intelligent building phenomenon is seeing progress in this city and neighboring Silicon Valley, it's generally "somewhere between myth and reality" here in the United States, according to the show's co-founder and Producer Jim Young, the Ja...
CONSULTING-SPECIFYING ENGINEER: What advantages do non-metallic piping systems offer over traditional plumbing? DeANGELIS: CPVC and PEX are growing in popularity as acceptance levels increase for these non-metallic piping systems. CPVC delivers long-term performance benefits, such as not being susceptible to corrosion, pitting or scaling.
An involved criminal or civil court case can take a toll on the individuals involved. Similarly, the thousands of people involved annually in such court cases, be they jurists, lawyers or bailiffs, can equally cause wear and tear on a building and its systems. Such was the case with the 40-year-old Manhattan Civil Court Building at 111 Centre Street.
Geothermal experts share system specification tips for this ever-emerging, energy-efficient, sustainable technology. CONSULTING-SPECIFYING ENGINEER: It's been said that geothermal technology has been gaining popularity over the past few years at a rate of roughly 20% per year among building owners and design professionals alike.
When it comes to the design of many commercial buildings, a number of owners believe that future capital generated by their buildings will offset increasing operating and maintenance costs. Future anticipated O&M costs are therefore of little concern and are often not included in initial capital cost evaluations.
The actual cause of last August's unprecedented power outage remains unknown. A hapless squirrel, a fallen tree branch or a worn-out insulator—all of these have been suggested as possible initiators in an event that cascaded to include much of the northeastern United States and eastern Canada. Even if an exact cause can't be pinpointed, there are some obvious lessons to be learned from th...
Months after this summer's massive North American blackout, the nation's electric transmission system remains the focus of attention. Most involved agree on the need for more—and newer—lines. But there is considerable disagreement among leading industry groups on just how much needed upgrades will cost.
The Technology Train is coming to town. In an effort to showcase its products and services to technology decision makers through out the country, Siemens Energy and Automation, Atlanta, will take a 1,000-ft. exhibit-on-rails to 10 U.S. cities between February and May next year. The firm's goal is to board more than 15,000 selected guests including construction managers, contractors, consulting ...
Communications and networking experts offer a glimpse into the current state of wireless technology—common applications, relevant codes and standards and obstacles to more widespread use. CSE: Compared with more conventional cabling, what are some of the advantages—and disadvantages—of wireless? CALOZ: When designing a voice or data network, the considerations are application,...
Energy department investigators will require some time in pinpointing exact causes for the largest blackout in U.S. history on Thursday afternoon, Aug. 14. After all, an investigation of a 1996 outage in the western United States that knocked out power to four million customers took two months to complete.
Wouldn't it be great if we could just practice our profession without interruption—just do the engineering, supervise the work and turn the system over to the owner? But the law complicates things—and with good reason, of course. We apply for construction permits, inspections and certificates of occupancy for new construction and alterations.
Members of Congress and several construction industry organizations are pushing for tighter restrictions on the behavior of federal contractors. The Project on Government Oversight (POGO), an independent, non-profit watchdog, recently found 70 instances of misconduct and alleged misconduct perpetrated by some of the top 10 federal contractors.
The clock ran out on Minnesota's moratorium on government consulting contracts June 30, and after much debate, state legislators chose not to extend the ban. In our November, 2002 issue, CSE reported that Minnesota had suspended consulting contracts, a move which reduced work for M/E engineers in that state.
On many projects, lighting responsibilities fall to the electrical engineer. Depending on the talent and experience of the engineer, that can be a good thing, or it can be an extra and sometimes onerous duty. "There's just so much product out there that it's hard for an electrical engineer to keep on top of," says Shawn Good, P.
In the quest to achieve the ever-efficient office lighting environment, both ASHRAE and the United States Green Building Council (USGBC) are pushing the envelope to encourage lighting designers and building owners to continually improve lighting efficiency levels. For example, ASHRAE 90.1 2001—which in 2004 will become the default guideline for states that do not adopt their own energy co...
Although difficult to believe after a winter of snows and a spring of record rains in the Northeast, water shortages had a significant impact on development in many regions of the country in the summer of 2001. The concern over dwindling water reserves and continuing drought-like conditions spurred the city of Frederick, Md.
When it comes to potable water for commercial facilities, for the most part, no additional treatment is required or provided between the local water utility and the facility. Unless you've got a filtered water cooler, what you get from the spigot is what you drink. One exception to this is in healthcare facilities.
The North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) has unveiled a proposed standard that is designed to address security concerns raised by sometimes-aging transmission and distribution computer systems. Member organizations would have through the first quarter of 2004 to follow through on the standard's requirements.
Monolithic. Blocky. Cold. These are all words that jump to mind when one thinks of prisons and jails. And most people are probably guilty of categorizing these facilities as relatively simple structures—concrete or stone boxes. But in reality, prisons and jails are much more than guard towers and razor wire.
Much has been written about the demise of the "new economy" and the return to the old. The fact is that while the new economy—exemplified by the dot-com bubble of the '90s—enjoyed the spotlight for a few years, the old economy never really died. It was only pushed to the footlights, while business pundits and young executives exercised new options for operating their businesses.
The need for a unified building code has long been desired, but until recently, had not been met. Fortunately, the advent of NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) 5000, Building Construction and Safety Code, as well as the International Building Code (IBC), filled this void (see "NYC Considers IBC on the Eve of 2003 Revision," CSE 02/03 p.
Healthcare is a two-edged sword for engineering firms these days. As our cover story (p. 34) attests, the sector, without question, is a red-hot, seemingly recession-proof economic engine for those in the AEC community. At the same time, according to design industry analyst ZweigWhite Assocs., providing healthcare coverage for their employees is one of the biggest challenges facing many AEC firms.
Last year the American Hospital Assn. (AHA) reported that there are currently 900 fewer hospitals in the United States than there were in 1980, so it's no surprise that demand for new or improved facilities is hot. "I've been involved in the healthcare market for 40 years, and I've never seen such a strong market in my life," says Robert Levine, a vice president with Turner Health Care, Nashvil...
Representatives from the National Association of Manufacturers, at the recent National Manufacturing Week show in Chicago, announced the results of a survey of their membership. The responses were not encouraging.
The Continental Automated Building Association (CABA), Ottawa, Canada, and the Canadian government has announced the completion of the Technology Roadmap (TRM) for Intelligent Buildings.
The comments of exhibitors and attendees at the recent PowerGen International show in Orlando revealed quite a bit about the industrial big picture. Distributed generation (DG) and cogeneration remained hot topics but are still obstructed by a number of barriers, particularly the IEEE 547 interconnection standard.
After years of excessive water use in California and a lack of a conservation plan, the federal government has responded sternly by officially reducing the flow of surplus water to the state from the Colorado River. If California can agree upon a formal plan to reduce its water consumption by 2015, as it pledged to the Clinton administration, the Dept.
U.S. construction spending rose 0.3% in November to a $843.2 billion rate, according to the Commerce Dept. The surprise gain follows an upwardly revised figure for October, and may result in more optimistic estimates for the fourth quarter of 2002. Wireless Internet access may pose a threat to the functioning of military radar, say U.
For those of you living in regions where it's cold this time of year, I'm sure you've experienced a snowfall at some point this winter. And true to my sometimes curmudgeonly manner, I loathe snow. But so far this season, this has not been the case. In fact, I must confess that the few snowfalls we've had have been very refreshing.
An unfortunate engineer and an economist travelling in South America on business were captured for ransom by a group of rebels. After two weeks and no response, the rebel leader informed the pair that they would be executed. As was tradition, a last request was proffered. The economist noted he was on his way to present a five-year forecast to executives at a locally based corporation when he w...
Although opinions about the Kyoto Protocol—the international treaty addressing global warming—are split among Fortune 5000 executives, the majority of these business leaders support many of the provisions within the protocol, according to American Viewpoint, a Washington, D.C.-based Republican polling firm.
ASHRAE's BACnet building controls protocol is now being considered for adoption as a standard by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the European Committee for Standardization. In December, both organizations will vote on whether to adopt BACnet. Fortune 5000 business executives espoused their views on the Kyoto Protocol in a recent market survey, with 34% supporting i...
With significant opportunities for energy and cost savings, not to mention environmental benefits, the Boston-based Consortium for Energy Efficiency’s Motor Decisions Matter campaign has continued to promote the benefits of premium-efficiency motors.
Building codes enter the public domain once they've been adopted by a local jurisdiction, according to a recent decision of the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals. In Veeck v. Southern Building Code Congress International (SBCCI), the court ruled in favor of Texan Peter Veeck, who posted SBCCI's building codes on his web site after the code had been adopted by his local municipality.
The LexisNexis data center in Miamisburg, Ohio, operates 24 hours a day to supply 2.6 million subscribers with legal, corporate, government and academic information. The 45,000-sq.-ft. facility has hundreds of mainframes, servers, workstations and storage devices. Jerry Zahora, consulting systems engineer at LexisNexis, faced a huge task: The only exception to the center's round-the-clock servi...
Cogeneration, also known as combined heat and power, is the simultaneous production and utilization of power and heat, typically in the form of electricity and either steam or hot water. Because the heat generated by the production of electricity is captured and utilized—and not expelled as waste heat—successful cogeneration results in a much higher fuel efficiency and lower energy ...
Energy conservation, environmental concerns and economic growth were the main agenda when more than 350 industry, government and environmental leaders gathered in Washington, D.C., at a recent energy efficiency forum. Among the speakers at the event, "Evolution of the Energy Economy: Ensuring Security and Stability," U.
California businesses and facility owners have responded to the energy crisis in productive ways: They are conserving energy and creating efficiencies that have greatly reduced power consumption in California during this last year. Rather than just calling for greater generating capacity—no matter how "dirty" the power—in many cases, they are figuring out ways to become efficient, a...
In support of greater energy efficiency for facilities and a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, the Canadian government has established a new Industrial Building Incentive program and an expanded Commercial Building Incentive program offering subsidies to facilities demonstrating efficiencies of at least 25% greater than Model National Energy Code for Buildings standards.
Insurance carriers have traditionally had a major influence on fire protection design, but recently, the amount and quality of their fire protection services are diminishing.
Regardless of whether owners or designers welcomed it, insurance carriers have traditionally had a major influence on fire protection design. Based on knowledge accumulated for more than a century, the insurance industry built a stable of fire protection experts, including engineers, who could offer solutions to complex design problems.
As you read this, Earth Day will have already passed, but its spirit, I would hope, carries on through the rest of the year. Depending on what camp you side with, Earth Day is celebrated March 22, in conjunction with the Vernal Equinox—or April 22—somehow expanding the role of Arbor Day. Either way, the concept remains the same—reflect on the state of our planet and what we mi...
Promoting the use of ammonia as a refrigerant in air conditioning and refrigeration applications, the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) has released a refrigeration position document.
Funding slated for U.S. drinking water and wastewater infrastructure, as dictated by the Bush administration's fiscal year 2003 budget, may fall short of what's really needed, according to a recent statement released by the Water Infrastructure Network.
The National Fire Protection Agency and the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) have announced an agreement to collaborate on the development of an energy code, which will include ASHRAE Energy Standards 90.1 and 90.2.
Everyone seems to want everyone else to get involved in distributed generation (DG). And many organizations, agencies and public officials have been on the bandwagon lately, the following being but a few examples:Owners, consulting engineers and installation contractors can build a power plant on a company's site, but all must ask whether it is the wise choice.
In waste management, there have been two major ways to reduce the volume of waste flowing to a landfill: recycling some of it, or designing products that have less material to dispose of. Now, the same thing appears to be happening in the electrical industry. Consider these recent developments:Arthur D.
In order to help promote energy efficiency in buildings, the Energize America Educational Institute (EAEI) has launched a new Internet portal to help connect energy users with energy service companies, manufacturers of energy-efficient products, environmental government agencies and sources of project financing.
The term performance-based is commonly used to describe codes and standards that seek to define the purpose and scope of a building system, without specifically prescribing its details. Performance-based specifying pushes the concept a step further, using it to describe the nature of the actual specification that an engineer writes.
A monthly compendium of facts and figures
Global banker Mellon Financial Corporation is no stranger to the shores of the Ohio, Allegheny and Monongahela rivers. In fact, its primary operations were housed for years in a cluster of facilities in downtown Pittsburgh, the heart of this "Golden Triangle." The separate high-rise structures, however, did not mesh well with a key functional requirement of Mellon's modern banking operati...
Our December "Specifier's Notebook" continues the discussion on the value of value engineering.
It had to end sometime, but we'd all rather it had gone out with a whimper than a bang. The nation's decade-long run of good economic luck—historians will record it as America's longest period of economic prosperity—has come to an abrupt halt. And now the best that can be reasonably hoped for is that the nation is in the middle of—not just beginning—the current p...
The sun, of course, lies literally at the center of our solar system. Figuratively, one could also say it lies at the center of our universe. And although the sun is approximately 93 million miles away from Earth, it bestows upon us more energy—in the form of light and heat—than we could ever possibly need.
In another attempt to amend federal water conservation that limit end-users to 1.6 gallon-per-flush toilets, a bill has been reintroduced proposing to legalize traditional 3.5 gallon-per-flush toilets.
In light of recent energy shortages in various areas of the country, end users are searching for new ways to not only save on energy costs, but to recycle waste energy. In this month's M/E Roundtable, engineers discuss the trends and issues end users must understand when considering cogeneration or trigeneration systems.
In an effort to prioritize energy efficiency, the governor of New York recently issued an executive order which mandates that state agencies purchase at least 10 percent of their energy from renewable sources by 2005, and 20 percent by 2010.
The federal government has been called upon to help address a $23 billion shortage of funds every year that is needed to maintain the nation's water and wastewater infrastructure. The Water Infrastructure Network (WIN)—a coalition of elected officials, manufacturers and construction and engineering professionals—has asked for $57 billion in federal investments over the next five y...
Designing attractions for theme parks presents a fun and interesting set of challenges
Exactly what happens when utility power supply becomes unreliable? It's a question that those in the power-reliability business have dealt with on a one-at-a-time basis. In the late 1990s, many of the answers were based on suppositions.Suddenly, however, a mega-case study has appeared: California.
When completed, a project in New Mexico that links distributed-generation assets—including standby generators—will provide 25 MW of "dispatchable" peaking power to Public Service Company of New Mexico.Industrial and commercial concerns with standby generators will join a network, put together by Portland, Ore.
Continuous change in needs and technology are a constant part of building design and engineered systems. As new demands are dictated by building occupants, owners and government institutions, different approaches step in to fill the need. Simultaneously, developments in technology bring expectations of building-system performance to continuously higher levels.
Energy efficiency was the focus of opening remarks at this year's American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) Winter Meeting. ASHRAE officials discussed the effectiveness of the current ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999, "Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings," and the need to both simplify requirements and push for greater energy co...
Volatile energy costs are making efficiency the watchword in HVAC systems design
The new headquarters of engineering firm Brown & Caldwell in Walnut Creek, Calif., is a design-build project that boasts a sophisticated, high-speed structured cabling system.The enhanced Category 5 system includes a one-gigabyte backbone and provides a high-speed 100-megabyte throughput to each desktop in a local area network comprised of 300 stations.
Leading engineers discuss strategies for minimizing industrial and commercial sources of pollution
More than two years ago, municipal utility Seattle City Light signed a two-year deal to supply electricity to all 38 Nordstrom stores in the state of California. However, the utility has refused to renew the deal, which expires in March 2001, "largely because we don't see a prospect of having surplus energy beyond our system requirements," a city official told The Seattle Times.
Consulting-Specifying Engineer's (C-SE) home page on the Web, www.csemag.com, has been redesigned and improved to offer more engineering tools and content. Visit the site to find these improvements: Full-length feature articles. C-SE has added all of its coverage from the magazine to its site, giving our readers the chance to read our content from anywhere.
January: Security A major security-component developer offers a look at recent movements in the market.
O ur Deep Links' section offers Web-only articles and collections of links. Visit here every month to find supplementary technical, manufacturer and product information related to specific stories. Deep Links' ArticlesImportant Links Deep Links: Interoperable Controls Our June issue featured some 'field reports' on the progress of interoperable controls, and this group of web links offers some follow-up information. 2D or 3D: Do You Really Have to Choose? Following up on our May M/E Roundtable on CAD development, this Deep Link from Autodesk offers thoughts on 'model-based design.' Visionary System Lights the Way In CSE's May issue, consulting editor Al Borden wrote about the advent of modern lighting-control systems, and this Deep Link offers a high-tech example: the new Vulcan, Inc. headquarters in Seattle. Fast Schedules for Laboratory Projects Participants in our April M/E Roundtable discussed the design challenges of modern laboratories.
With one eye on the environment and the other on energy-efficiency, 18 government agencies, corporations and professional and environmental organizations from around the world have teamed up under the leadership of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to form the Building Air Conditioner Climate Partnership.
Even though design-build activity continues to grow, a recent Zweig White & Associates (ZWA) survey concludes that there is little evidence suggesting design-build will ever become the project delivery method of choice in the industry.
As the leader among industrialized countries in fire death rates, the United States is lagging significantly behind other nations in the adoption of performance-based fire-safety practices, according to a recent report released by the Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) Center for Firesafety Studies, Worcester, Mass.
Security has become a part of every organization-large or small-and security systems have become an integral part of security programs. Such programs consist of people, policy and hardware. Technologically, the ability to cost-effectively monitor and document activity complements a security program. A typica...
As data centers, clean manufacturing and telecommunications come to dominate many an engineer's design work, unique issues are impacting heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems. From air purity and cable management to thermal decay and fire suppression, mechanical designers must...
As data centers, clean manufacturing and telecommunications come to dominate many an engineer's design work, unique issues are impacting heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems. From air purity and cable management to thermal decay and fire suppression, mechanical designers must smooth technical snags and hold down installed costs.
Design professionals know the fees that they earn for construction administration rarely compensate them for the time spent and headaches incurred. An exciting, but controversial tool for construction administration is the project Web site.
Combined plumbing/fire-sprinkler system is based on a stainless-steel four-port fitting attached to the sprinkler head. Cold-water manifolds feed the 1/2-in. tubing directly to the fitting, while remaining outlets on the fittings are used to feed other sprinkler heads or cold-water plumbing fixtures.
While the building and construction industry is well aware of engineers' invaluable work, unfortunately, the same cannot be said for the general public, according to recent polls."Clearly, engineers don't get credit for the magnificent things they do," explains Lee Herring, director of public affairs for the American Consulting Engineers Council, Washington, D.C.
Examples of centralized and distributed strategies permeate our environment. Even our own bodies are arranged with a central cardiopulmonary apparatus, widely distributed sweat glands and regional lymph nodes.
In response to a number of tragic campus fires that occurred this past year, the state of New Jersey has become the latest to adopt legislation mandating and supporting the installation of sprinkler systems in college housing facilities.Similar to recent initiatives in Chapel Hill, N.C., Durham, N.C., Boulder, Colo. and Lawrence, Kan.