How will the A&E industry be disrupted?
While some fear the A&E industry is falling into obsolescence, external forces such as the acquisition of major firms by software or technology companies could drive innovation.
A lot of my strategy and scenario planning work with clients over the past decade has been driven by the question “How will the design industry be disrupted?” This essentially translates to “What disruptive technology will upend our industry?” These strategy discussions tend to take place exclusively at the board level where there is (presumed to be, but in reality not always) the greatest ability for “big picture” thinking.
Often the conversation starts with whether game-changing disruptive technologies emerge from “within” the industry itself—with one or (more likely) a consortium of design and environmental firms rolling out a new tech-enabled business model that renders the prevailing industry modus operandi of selling time or expertise for money obsolete. When you look at the leading global design and environmental firms, they are as well managed as any firm could be. However, it’s precisely the way decisions get made in successful firms that sows the seeds of their eventual demise. Most managers don’t know when to—or are unable to—depart from the “Principles of Good Management” and instead embrace the “Principles of Disruptive Innovation” as described in The Innovator’s Dilemma. This to me suggests that while our industry will continue to innovate and improve—how we do our work and create value for clients—we will not create the disruptive technologies for self-transformation.
Or will the disruptive technology that remakes our industry be the result of external forces or actors? Are we the taxi industry before Uber arrived? Or are we too busy printing paper maps, blind to what the GPS engineers at Garmin are cooking up? Or are we throwing a party to celebrate one million buggy whips produced as a black Model T pulls up outside?
More than a few industry leaders are concerned that we’re stumbling into obsolescence, given our symbiotic relationship with the providers of the software systems we use to do our work. On the one hand, we sign NDAs with clients and competitors and teaming partners to vigorously protect our trade secrets. On the other hand, we willingly yield all of our cumulative institutional knowledge—our most valuable asset—to these software providers. Machine learning allows them to scrape all of our disparate paper (boomers and older generations are still writing ideas, passwords, calculations, and meeting notes on stickies!) and other data assets (for example, the 200 individual budgeting spreadsheets that your PMs are using for their projects right now that are not centralized or visible anywhere in your systems) and consolidate them into usable, accessible digital data. Ostensibly this is being done for design and environmental firms to become more efficient. It could also result in design and environmental firms being replaced by them down the road. Is our collective body of knowledge being slowly and steadily syphoned off to be deployed against us by our supposed tech partners? Have we invited the disruptors inside the gates without placing any demands on future spoils? In the words of the Gallaghers, “Definitely Maybe.”
Biggest bang theory
I figure another highly plausible scenario is the introduction of disruptive technologies via an extraordinary acquisition or recapitalization of one of the 20 largest global design firms or one of the 10 largest U.S. design firms. At that scale, any acquisition or recapitalization would be in or around $10 billion. If it’s an acquisition, it would be made by a software or technology strategic acquirer. If it’s a recapitalization, it would be by venture capital not private equity. Regardless of whether the entry point is an acquisition or recapitalization, the intent will be the same—an outsized return on investment through the disruption of the $10 trillion global design and construction industry. How?
The classic Eliza Doolittle makeover. On day one, the new owners acquire about 1% market share of the global design and construction industry (leaves plenty of room to grow). And they now have a global brand and likely the best-managed firm in the industry. One that owners, employees, and vendors recognize. They quickly remake the firm from the top down, digitizing every internal and market-facing feature possible. Concurrently, they infuse every aspect of the firm with artificial intelligence and machine learning to capture all proprietary current and historical datasets—of clients, prospects, projects, operations, permitting, supply chains, costs, construction timelines, vendors, talent, regulations (zoning and otherwise), risks, vendors, contracts, consultants, competitors, politics, public sentiment, etc. They augment the proprietary data with off-the-shelf data sets. All the while, they are investing to grow this remade global design firm almost exclusively through acquisitions that provide them with either (a) country knowledge or (b) niche industry segment competencies. Each acquisition yields new proprietary data sets that are immediately connected internally. Concurrently, the new owners set about lobbying national, state, and local regulatory entities (a la Uber) to amend licensing and registration requirements for design and construction professionals.
The killer app
After 24 months of development, the entity that was formerly a global design firm is fully transformed into a new app that lives on your phone along with your Sweetgreen and Spotifyapps. Let’s call it the Buildit app (because the brand name tests well with users globally). With its accumulated and continuously improving knowledge of all aspects of global design and construction, the app identifies the most efficient design and construction supply chain for any particular project. Tell Buildit (in writing or voice command) what project you want designed and when you want it built, and it gives you (a) a price (not an estimate), (b) financing and payment options (multi-currency including crypto), and (c) a date for the project to be operational. (Note: It sometimes gives you the answer “Cannot be built” if the project is not feasible due to zoning, etc.—saving you the time and expense of having a design or planning firm find that out.)
Knowledge isn’t power
Knowledge applied is, though. Buildit dramatically reduces costs for the project owner by eliminating the biggest inefficiency in the current design process—the design firm. Its whole premise is that the designer is an expensive middleman, an unnecessary source of friction. So this killer app disrupts the design and environmental industry itself. Instead, it bypasses the design firm and connects the project owner directly with the means of production—the digital, knowledge, and physical assets—which are all now housed—and constantly being optimized and updated—by a single owner/aggregator. It erases the pricing power of individual firm brands by directing workflow to the most appropriate set of digital or human resources globally. Want to build an addition for your home? Use the Buildit app. Does that moveable bridge need replacing? Pull out your phone. New hospital wing is approved to go? Click the app to get it done. Whether you’re a private individual, a director of facilities, or VP of design and construction, you no longer need to waste time searching for the “right” designer. There is only one designer, and they are totally focused on you. Gone are the days of getting multiple impossible-to-compare apples-to-oranges bids. Forget having your business goals compromised by your designer’s inability to meet simple schedule and budget promises. No more tedious contract negotiations. No need to deal with designers who work just one way and ignore innovations or technologies that may be better for your project. No more second-guessing whether your designer knows the optimal specs or can secure the best construction materials at the best price.
Maybe. But then, imagine going back to 1994 (seems like yesterday) and trying to explain the concept of Amazon to a Sears Roebuck executive who’s about to mail out this year’s catalog. Or explaining a kangaroo to someone who has never been to Australia.
Questions or comments? How do you think our industry will be impacted by disruptive technologies? Email or call Mick Morrissey at email@example.com or 508.380.1868.