Data centers’ intricate design: Fire and life safety

Data centers are important structures that hold vital information for businesses, schools, public agencies, and private individuals. Fire suppression systems must be carefully designed.

04/28/2016


Tim Chadwick, PE, LEED AP, President, AlfaTech Consulting Engineers, San Jose, Calif. Courtesy: AlfaTech Consulting EngineersRobert C. Eichelman, PE, LEED AP, ATD, DCEP, Technical Director, EYP Architecture & Engineering, Albany, N.Y. Courtesy: EYP Architecture & EngineeringBarton Hogge, PE, ATD, LEED AP, Principal, Affiliated Engineers Inc., Chapel Hill, N.C. Courtesy: Affiliated Engineers Inc.Bill Kosik, PE, CEM, LEED AP, BEMP, Building Energy Technologist, Chicago. Courtesy: Building Energy TechnologistKeith Lane, PE, RCDD, NTS, RTPM, LC, LEED AP BD+C, President/Chief Engineer, Lane Coburn & Associates LLC, Seattle. Courtesy: Lane Coburn & Associates LLCRobert Sty, PE, SCPM, LEDC AP, Principal, Technologies Studio Leader, SmithGroupJJR, Phoenix. Courtesy: SmithGroupJJRDebra Vieira, PE, ATD, LEEP AP, Senior Electrical Engineer, CH2M, Portland, Ore. Courtesy: CH2M

Respondents

Tim Chadwick, PE, LEED AP, President, AlfaTech Consulting Engineers, San Jose, Calif.

Robert C. Eichelman, PE, LEED AP, ATD, DCEP, Technical Director, EYP Architecture & Engineering, Albany, N.Y.

Barton Hogge, PE, ATD, LEED AP, Principal, Affiliated Engineers Inc., Chapel Hill, N.C.

Bill Kosik, PE, CEM, LEED AP, BEMP, Building Energy Technologist, Chicago

Keith Lane, PE, RCDD, NTS, RTPM, LC, LEED AP BD+C, President/Chief Engineer, Lane Coburn & Associates LLC, Seattle

Robert Sty, PE, SCPM, LEDC AP, Principal, Technologies Studio Leader, SmithGroupJJR, Phoenix

Debra Vieira, PE, ATD, LEEP AP, Senior Electrical Engineer, CH2M, Portland, Ore.


 

International data center projects handled by engineers at CH2M Hill include the facility at the Sinnovate Technology Hub in King Abdulla Economic City in Saudi Arabia. Courtesy: CH2M Hill

CSE: What unique fire suppression systems have you specified in data centers?

Chadwick: Our most common data center design includes dual-interlock preaction fire suppression, however, in some areas we have specified a mist fire suppression system to minimize or eliminate potential water damage to expensive infrastructure elements.

Hogge: We have seen clients trending back toward more traditional solutions, opting for a double-interlock, preaction system using a nitrogen charge. Many jurisdictions require a sprinkler with an unlimited discharge, in theory, so at a minimum that cost must be invested. Using early-warning smoke detection to proactively react to an event before a fire alarm, coupled with the double-interlock scheme involving a smoke detector and sprinkler head melt, can give the client a reasonable confidence there will not be an accidental water discharge in the space.

 



No comments
Consulting-Specifying Engineer's Product of the Year (POY) contest is the premier award for new products in the HVAC, fire, electrical, and...
Consulting-Specifying Engineer magazine is dedicated to encouraging and recognizing the most talented young individuals...
The MEP Giants program lists the top mechanical, electrical, plumbing, and fire protection engineering firms in the United States.
Combined heat and power; Assessing replacement of electrical systems; Energy codes and lighting; Salary Survey; Fan efficiency
Commissioning lighting control systems; 2016 Commissioning Giants; Design high-efficiency hot water systems for hospitals; Evaluating condensation and condensate
Solving HVAC challenges; Thermal comfort criteria; Liquid-immersion cooling; Specifying VRF systems; 2016 Product of the Year winners
Driving motor efficiency; Preventing Arc Flash in mission critical facilities; Integrating alternative power and existing electrical systems
Putting COPS into context; Designing medium-voltage electrical systems; Planning and designing resilient, efficient data centers; The nine steps of designing generator fuel systems
Designing generator systems; Using online commissioning tools; Selective coordination best practices
As brand protection manager for Eaton’s Electrical Sector, Tom Grace oversees counterfeit awareness...
Amara Rozgus is chief editor and content manager of Consulting-Specifier Engineer magazine.
IEEE power industry experts bring their combined experience in the electrical power industry...
Michael Heinsdorf, P.E., LEED AP, CDT is an Engineering Specification Writer at ARCOM MasterSpec.
click me